What are the two types of juries and what does each do?

What are the two types of juries and what does each do?

The American system utilizes three types of juries: Investigative grand juries, charged with determining whether enough evidence exists to warrant a criminal indictment; petit juries (also known as a trial jury), which listen to evidence presented during the course of a criminal trial and are charged with determining …

What are the two types of trials heard by juries?

Types of Cases Heard by Juries

  • Criminal trial: An individual is accused of committing a crime that is considered against society as a whole. Twelve people, and alternates, make up a criminal jury.
  • Civil trial: Litigants seek remedies for private wrongs that don’t necessarily have a broader social impact.

What is the difference between a regular jury and a grand jury?

A petit jury is a trial for civil and criminal cases. The petit jury listens to evidence presented by both parties during a trial and returns a verdict. A grand jury does not determine guilt or innocence, but whether there is probable cause to believe that a crime was committed.

What are the two 2 types of juries in NYS Criminal Justice?

The grand jury decides whether or not a person should be formally charged with a crime or other offense. The grand jury makes that decision based on evidence presented to it by the prosecutor, who also instructs the grand jury on the law. The grand jury’s decision must be based on the evidence and on the law.

What do trial court juries determine quizlet?

Terms in this set (37) Courts that determine the facts and apply the law to the facts. Questions of fact are determined by the jury, while the Judge determines the questions of law.

What is the jury selection process?

Lawyers and judges select juries by a process known as “voir dire,” which is Latin for “to speak the truth.” In voir dire, the judge and attorneys for both sides ask potential jurors questions to determine if they are competent and suitable to serve in the case.

What do grand juries determine?

The grand jury determines whether there is “probable cause” to believe the individual has committed a crime and should be put on trial. If the grand jury determines there is enough evidence, an indictment will be issued against the defendant. Consists of 16-23 people. Grand jury proceedings are not open to the public.

Who chooses the grand jury?

Members of the Civil Grand Jury are selected from a volunteer pool or are nominated directly by a Superior Court judge. The final 23 members are selected randomly by computer. Each July these citizens are sworn in as grand jurors for a 12-month period ending June of the following year. Service is a full-time job.

How are grand juries selected?

Federal law requires that a grand jury be selected at random from a fair cross section of the community in the district or division in which the federal grand jury convenes. Those persons whose names have been drawn, and who are not exempt or excused from service, are summoned to appear for duty as grand jurors.

What is a grand jury quizlet?

A grand jury is an ex-parte secret proceeding to determine whether there is reasonable cause to try a defendant for a crime. To protect the witness, the suspects, and jurors.

What do trial court juries determine?

A trial jury, also known as a petit jury, decides whether the defendant committed the crime as charged in a criminal case, or whether the defendant injured the plaintiff in a civil case. Consists of 6-12 people. Trials are generally public, but jury deliberations are private.

What are trial courts What two things do they do quizlet?

Terms in this set (17)

  • trial courts. listen to testimony, consider evidence, and decide the facts in disputed situations.
  • parties. two (or sides) in each case.
  • plaintiff. in civil trial, party bringing the legal action.
  • prosecutor.
  • defendent.
  • adversarial system.
  • inquisitional system.
  • judge.