Table of Contents
How were the Sumerians divided?
The people of Sumer and the people of Babylon (the civilization that was built on the ruins of Sumer) were divided into four classes – the priests, the upper class, the lower class, and the slaves.
How were the Sumerian communities organized?
Sumerian societies were strictly organized into a class-based structure, with kings and priests ruling at the top. At the bottom of society were the slaves, captured from war and used to assist in the numerous projects happening around the city. So, daily life was very different for different people in Sumerian cities.
How was Mesopotamia divided?
The populations of these cities were divided into social classes which, like societies in every civilization throughout history, were hierarchical. These classes were: The King and Nobility, The Priests and Priestesses, The Upper Class, the Lower Class, and The Slaves.
What set the Sumerians apart from their neighbors?
Just what set the Sumerians apart from their neighbors? than a large group of people living together. The size of the population alone does not distinguish a village from a city. One of the key differences is that a city is a center of trade for a larger area.
What is the Sumerian social hierarchy?
People in Sumer were divided into three social classes. The upper class included kings, priests, warriors, and government officials. In the middle class were artisans, merchants, farmers, and fishers. These people made up the largest group.
What was the social structure of the Sumerian culture?
How did Sumerian culture spread throughout Mesopotamia?
The advancements made by Sumerian culture were mostly spread through assimilation by those who interacted with or conquered their territory.
What did the Sumerians give to the Akkadians?
Sumerian bestowed their great gifts of civilization to the Akkadians that conquered them which held on to much of what the Sumerians had created including the complex form of writing called cuneiform. The crude pictorial writing developed into a phonetic system of communication that produced history and literature.
What was the population of the Sumer civilization?
The people known as Sumerians were in control of the area by 3000 B.C. Their culture was comprised of a group of city-states, including Eridu, Nippur, Lagash, Kish, Ur and the very first true city, Uruk. At its peak around 2800 BC, the city had a population between 40,000 and 80,000 people living between its six miles of defensive walls,
When did the Sumerians migrate to Lower Mesopotamia?
The Sumerians were the first people to migrate to Mesopotamia, they created a great civilization. Beginning around 5,500 years ago, the Sumerians built cities along the rivers in Lower Mesopotamia, specialized, cooperated, and made many advances in technology.
What kind of government did the Sumerians have?
This gave rise to the growth of governmental institutions and the rise of the Sumerian State. With the emergence of a centralized authority, emerged the city states of Sumer. The City states of Ur, Kish, Lagash, Adab, Nippur, Umma, and Uruk came to be the most distinguished of the Sumerian’s city states.