Why was the Shenandoah Valley so important?

Why was the Shenandoah Valley so important?

During the American Civil War (1861–1865), the strategically important Valley was the site of two major campaigns and numerous battles and represents, in microcosm, many of the military, social, and cultural factors that ultimately explain why the Union won and the Confederacy lost the war.

Why did settlement of the Shenandoah Valley began in the 1730’s what type of people settled in the valley?

Why did settlement of the Shenandoah Valley begin in the 1730’s? Settlement of the Shenandoah Valley began in 1730s as a result of British and Virginia policies designed to create a buffer between the more settled regions of the colony and French and Indian lands farther west.

What was the reason for settlement in Georgia?

Although initially conceived of by James Oglethorpe as a refuge for London’s indebted prisoners, Georgia was ultimately established in 1732 to protect South Carolina and other southern colonies from Spanish invasion through Florida.

Who settled in the Shenandoah Valley in Virginia?

The North Fork of the Shenandoah Valley was almost exclusively settled by Protestant immigrants from the German Palatinate, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Moravia and Denmark. The portion of the valley north of where the two forks join was settled at the same time by Germans, Ulster Irish and Quakers from Pennsylvania.

Who settled mainly in the Shenandoah Valley?

Germans and Scots-Irish settled primarily in the Shenandoah Valley, which was along the migration route. Africans were settled primarily in the Coastal Plain (Tidewater) and Piedmont regions where tobacco agriculture required a great deal of labor.

What general was brought up from the Shenandoah Valley?

general Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson
Background. On November 4, 1861, Confederate general Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson was elevated from brigade command to command of the army’s Valley District. The Shenandoah Valley was the strategic left flank of the defenses of Richmond, and a rich source of foodstuffs.

Why did the English move to the Shenandoah Valley?

Because of the physical barrier of the Allegheny Front on the west the settleres were steered south into Virginia. The Blue Ridge Mountains to the east and the slow population growth in the Virginia Piedmont deterred the English from moving into the Shenandoah Valley.

Where are the mountains in the Shenandoah Valley?

The Shenandoah Valley stretches 200 miles between two mountain ranges– The Blue Ridge Mountains to the East and The Allegheny Mountains (part of the Appalachian Mountain Range) to the West–as well as the Potomac River to the North and the James River to the South. Four centuries ago, when all of America was Virginia, the Shenandoah Valley,…

Who was the first person to explore the Shenandoah Valley?

The first recorded exploration of the Shenandoah Valley was by German immigrant, Johann Lederer, and several associates in 1670. They went as far west as present day Strasburg, VA, then turned around. His journey came on the heels of a decade of ethnic cleansing by the Rickohockens.

What kind of Indians lived in Shenandoah County?

Another branch of Sherandos called the Senedos, according to tradition, had lived in present-day Shenandoah County, but were exterminated by “Southern Indians” (Cherokees) some few years before the arrival of white settlers.