Table of Contents
Why was the mausoleum of Maussollos built?
In the center of the city, Maussollos planned to place a resting place for his body after he was dead. It would be a tomb that would forever commemorate his glory and that of his wife, who was also his sister and queen.
What destroyed the mausoleum in the 13th century?
It was destroyed by an earthquake in the 13th century AD, and then plundered by the Knights of St. John. It was excavated in 1856 AD where they found many valuable sculptures.
Who invented mausoleum?
It was built in his capital city, Halicarnassus, between about 353 and 351 bce by his sister and widow, Artemisia II. The building was designed by the Greek architects Pythius (sources spell the name variously, which has cast doubt on his identity) and Satyros.
Does the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus still exist?
The mausoleum of Halicarnassus is in the city of Bodrum, a town on the west coast of Turkey. The ruins are still visible today, they are exactly in the city center, just north of the port, along the artery which cuts the city in two lengthways.
When was the mausoleum of Maussollos built in Turkey?
The Tomb of Mausolus, Mausoleum of Mausolus or Mausoleum at Halicarnassus (in Greek, Μαυσωλεῖον της Ἁλικαρνασσοῦ) was a tomb built between 353 and 350 BC at Halicarnassus (present Bodrum, Turkey) for Mausolus, a satrap in the Persian Empire, and Artemisia II of Caria, his wife and sister.
When was the tomb of Mausolus at Halicarnassus built?
Mausoleum at Halicarnassus. The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus or Tomb of Mausolus ( Ancient Greek: Μαυσωλεῖον τῆς Ἁλικαρνασσοῦ; Turkish: Halikarnas Mozolesi) was a tomb built between 353 and 350 BC at Halicarnassus (present Bodrum, Turkey) for Mausolus, a satrap in the Persian Empire, and his sister-wife Artemisia II of Caria.
Why was the mausoleum of Mausolus so famous?
It became a structure so famous that Mausolus’s name is now associated with all stately tombs throughout the world through the word mausoleum. The building, rich with statuary and carvings in relief, was so beautiful and unique it became one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
Why was the mausoleum of Maussollos built in Caria?
It was the custom in Caria for rulers to be siblings; such incestuous marriages kept the power and the wealth in the family. As a tribute to him, she decided to build him the most splendid tomb, a structure so famous that Mausolus’s name is now the eponym for all stately tombs, in the word mausoleum.