Who discovered wheat rust?

Who discovered wheat rust?

The Italian scientists Fontana and Tozzetti independently provided the first detailed descriptions of the stem rust fungus in wheat in 1767. Persoon named it Puccinia graminis in 1797. By 1854, the Tulasne brothers recognized that some autoecious (single host) rust fungi could produce as many as five spore stages.

What is the common name of Puccinia?

Puccinia pittieriana (syn. Gerwasia pittieriana) is a species of rust fungus. It is a plant pathogen which infects agricultural crops such as potato and tomato. Its common names include common potato rust and common potato and tomato rust.

What class does Puccinia belong to?


What is Puccinia in botany?

Puccinia is a genus of fungi. All species in this genus are obligate plant pathogens and are known as rusts. The genus contains about 4000 species.

Who is the father of wheat rust?

One of the most notable adversaries of wheat rust was Norman Borlaug. Nicknamed the “Father of the Grain Revolution,” Borlaug crossbred disease-resistant strains of wheat.

Who discovered wheat rust in India?

Epidemiological studies of rusts of wheat were first taken up in India by Mehta who showed that due to intense summer heat the inoculum of rusts in any form is completely destroyed in the plains during the summer months.

What is the meaning of Puccinia?

: a very large genus (the type of the family Pucciniaceae) that is sometimes separated into four genera and consists of heteroecious parasitic fungi having 2-celled teliospores whose pedicels do not gelatinize and aecia with a pseudoperidium and including many forms that are destructive to various economic plants — see …

Is Puccinia a Ascomycetes?

No, Puccinia is a basidiomycete, commonly called rust fungus. Also Check: Rhizopus.

Is Puccinia a club fungus?

Club fungi includes Ustilago and Puccinia. Basidiomycetes are also known as club fungi and they are a well recognised group of true fungi.

Who gave the name Puccinia graminis?

Thirty years later it received its name, Puccinia graminis, by Persoon, and in 1854 brothers Louis René and Charles Tulasne discovered the characteristic five-spore stage that is known in some stem rust species.

Who is the father of plant pathology in India?

Sir Edwin John Butler FRS
Sir Edwin John Butler FRS (13 August 1874 – 4 April 1943) was an Irish mycologist and plant pathologist. He became the Imperial Mycologist in India and later the first director of the Imperial Bureau of Mycology in England….Edwin John Butler.

Sir Edwin John Butler
Fields Mycology, Plant pathology
Author abbrev. (botany) E.J.Butler

Where did Giacomo Puccini live most of his life?

Puccini was born Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini in Lucca, Italy in 1858. He was one of nine children of Michele Puccini and Albina Magi. The Puccini family was established in Lucca as a local musical dynasty by Puccini’s great-great-grandfather – also named Giacomo (1712–1781).

Who was the composer of the Requiem for Giacomo Puccini?

In addition, Domenico composed several operas, and Michele composed one opera. Puccini’s father Michele enjoyed a reputation throughout northern Italy, and his funeral was an occasion of public mourning, at which the then-famed composer Giovanni Pacini conducted a Requiem.

Which is the most famous opera of Giacomo Puccini?

His most renowned works are La bohème (1896), Tosca (1900), Madama Butterfly (1904), and Turandot (1924), all of which are among the most frequently performed and recorded of all operas. Puccini was born Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini in Lucca, Italy, in 1858.

What kind of life cycle does Puccinia graminis have?

Like other Puccinia species, P. graminis is an obligate biotroph (it colonizes living plant cells) and has a complex life cycle featuring alternation of generations. The fungus is heteroecious, requiring two hosts to complete its life cycle – the cereal host and the alternate host.