Table of Contents
Who did the Dutch trade with?
In the 1590s, Dutch ships began to trade with Brazil and the Dutch Gold Coast of Africa, towards the Indian Ocean, and the source of the lucrative spice trade.
How did the Dutch take over the spice trade?
In 1602 the Dutch government set out to monopolize the intercontinental spice trade, establishing the Dutch East India Company as an official colonial agency. Their fleet purposely sailed around the Dutch Republic, restricting trade between the Low Countries and the rest of Europe.
What did the Dutch want to trade?
A Dutch merchant company chartered in 1602 to carry on trade with Africa, the West Indies, North and South America, and Australia. The sale and exchange of animal furs (like beaver pelts). French and Dutch colonizers focused on trading furs with Native American tribes in North America.
How did the Dutch Colonise the Cape?
Cape Town was founded by the Dutch East India Company or the Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie (VOC) in 1652 as a refreshment outpost. The outpost was intended to supply VOC ships on their way to Asia with fresh fruits, vegetables, meat and to enable sailors wearied by the sea to recuperate.
What did the Dutch need that the Khoikhoi had?
The Khoikhoi were nomadic and felt they should have free access to all the land in the area to graze their cattle, as had been the case up to that point, while the Dutch farmers had been given land as part of the policy of freehold ownership where they farmed and lived.
How did the Dutch participate in the slave trade?
Dutch involvement in the Atlantic slave trade covers the 17th-19th centuries. Initially the Dutch shipped slaves to northern Brazil, and during the second half of the 17th century they had a controlling interest in the trade to the Spanish colonies.
Is the Netherlands a major player in World Trade?
Rising protectionism in China and the United States, Brexit, contracting world trade… despite all the clouds on the horizon, the Dutch economy remains surprisingly bright. A dominant global maritime and economic power in the 17th century, the Netherlands has remained a major player in world trade.
When did the Dutch start trading in the east?
Dutch trade in the east: 1595-1651. The first Dutch expedition round the Cape to the far east, in 1595, is captained by Jan Huyghen van Linschoten, a Netherlands merchant whose only knowledge of the orient comes from trading in Lisbon.
How did the Dutch control the spice trade?
The Dutch control the trade in cloves with ruthless efficiency. During the 17th century clove trees are eradicated on all the Spice Islands except two – Amboina and Ternate – to limit production and keep prices high.