Table of Contents
Who defeated Persian forces at the Battle of Marathon?
At the Battle of Marathon, Athens’ underdog victory stunned Persia. The surprise defeat of the mighty Persian Empire in 490 B.C. began the Golden Age of Athens and the Greco-Persian wars. A well-armed Greek hoplite (right) slays a Persian soldier in a detail from a 5th-century B.C. ceramic.
Which Persian emperor did Athens finally defeat?
The Persian king Darius the Great vowed to have revenge on Athens and Eretria for this act. The revolt continued, with the two sides effectively stalemated throughout 497–495 BC….Greco-Persian Wars.
|Mainland Greece, Thrace, Aegean Islands, Asia Minor, Cyprus and Egypt
Which Persian king attacked Greece at Marathon?
king Darius the Great
The invasion, consisting of two distinct campaigns, was ordered by the Persian king Darius the Great primarily in order to punish the city-states of Athens and Eretria. These cities had supported the cities of Ionia during their revolt against Persian rule, thus incurring the wrath of Darius.
Who won the battle of Marathon quizlet?
The battle of Marathon according to Herodotus ended with the death of “6,400 Persians; the losses of the Athenians 192”.
Who was the Persian king at the Battle of Marathon?
King Darius I
The battle was the culmination of the first attempt by Persia, under King Darius I, to subjugate Greece. The Greek army inflicted a crushing defeat on the more numerous Persians, marking a turning point in the Greco-Persian Wars.
Why did the Athenians win the battle of Marathon quizlet?
Why did the Greeks win? The Greeks knew the terrain at Marathon. The Persians chose Marathon as a good plain for their cavalry, yet they could not use the horses in the sudden attack because the animals were in the process of embarking. Miltiades understood the Persian tactics and countered them.
Who won the battle of Marathon Greeks or Persians?
The Greeks captured seven ships of the enemy, but the rest of the fleet escaped with any Persians who had managed to climb aboard. The Greeks had won a great victory. According to tradition 6,400 Persians were dead, for only 192 Greeks.
When did the Athenians defeat the Persians in Marathon?
The seeds of Western civilization could well be argued to have been sown on the plain of Marathon on September 12, 490 BC, when an Athenian army of some 10,000 men overcame the odds to triumph over a numerically and tactically superior Persian force.
How did the Battle of Marathon change the course of history?
This critical engagement not only saved Athens, Greece and large parts of Europe from certain Persian expansion, but also set in motion a whole cascade of events which altered the course of human history forever.
How many hoplites did the Athenians have at Marathon?
The Athenian force at Marathon was soon bolstered by an additional 1,000 hoplites from the city of Plataea, their faithful allies 70 km to the north-west, an act for which the Athenians would be forever grateful. This now boosted the total hoplite force at Marathon to 10,000 men.