Which type of disease is caused by genetic or lifestyle factors and disease?

Which type of disease is caused by genetic or lifestyle factors and disease?

What Is a Complex Disease? For the most part, complex diseases are caused by a combination of genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors, most of which have not yet been identified. The vast majority of diseases fall into this category, including several congenital defects and a number of adult-onset diseases.

Which diseases are caused by multiple factors?

Some common multifactorial disorders include schizophrenia, diabetes, asthma, depression, high blood pressure, Alzheimer’s, obesity, epilepsy, heart diseases, Hypothyroidism, club foot and even dandruff.

Which diseases are hereditary?

6 Most Common Hereditary Diseases

  • Sickle Cell Disease. Sickle cell disease is a hereditary disease caused by mutations in one of the genes that encode the hemoglobin protein.
  • Cystic Fibrosis.
  • Tay-Sachs.
  • Hemophilia.
  • Huntington’s Disease.
  • Muscular Dystrophy.

Which disease is the combination of many disease?

Many common diseases are influenced by a combination of multiple genes and environmental factors. These diseases are referred to as complex diseases.

What is the most common genetic disease?

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is the most common, fatal genetic disease in the United States. About 30,000 people in the United States have the disease.

Do all diseases have a genetic basis?

Researchers are learning that nearly all conditions and diseases have a genetic component. Some disorders, such as sickle cell disease and cystic fibrosis, are caused by variants (also known as mutations) in single genes. The causes of many other disorders, however, are much more complex.

What causes hereditary disease?

Genetic disorders can be caused by a mutation in one gene (monogenic disorder), by mutations in multiple genes (multifactorial inheritance disorder), by a combination of gene mutations and environmental factors, or by damage to chromosomes (changes in the number or structure of entire chromosomes, the structures that …

What disease are caused of for healthy lifestyle?

Lifestyle diseases include atherosclerosis, heart disease, and stroke; obesity and type 2 diabetes; and diseases associated with smoking and alcohol and drug abuse. Regular physical activity helps prevent obesity, heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, colon cancer, and premature mortality.

How are genes and the environment related to disease?

Few diseases result from a change in a single gene or even multiple genes. Instead, most diseases are complex and stem from an interaction between your genes and your environment. Factors in your environment can range from chemicals in air or water pollution, mold, pesticides, diet choices, or grooming products.

What kind of diseases can be caused by environmental factors?

Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) – An international study that included NIEHS scientists discovered children with variations in a gene called TLR4 who were exposed to certain environmental factors developed severe cases of RSV bronchiolitis, a life-threatening respiratory disease. 5

Which is an example of gene and environment interaction?

Gene-Environment Interaction. Nearly all diseases result from a complex interaction between an individual’s genetic make-up and the environmental agents that he or she is exposed to. Examples of environmental agents: Mold.

What are the risk factors for heart disease?

Heart disease is a hereditary risk factor in Jamal’s family. Describe and discuss what kinds of behavioral choices he could make to reduce his risk of developing this disease. Sedentary lifestyle, drug and alcohol use, tobacco use, and poor diet are factors he can control.