Which disasters usually occur in Uttarakhand?

Which disasters usually occur in Uttarakhand?

Located on the southern slope of the Himalayan range, Uttarakhand is one of the most disaster-prone states in India. Due to its topography and geology, the state faces the risk of calamitous events like flash floods /floods, cloudbursts, avalanches, landslides, mudflows, and earthquakes, among others.

Why is Uttarakhand vulnerable to disasters?

The environmental capacity to sustain damage had been severely reduced because of the impact of climate change. Also, the thrust on construction of hydroelectric dams to generate power in the friable mountain range had made it more vulnerable to disasters.

What caused Uttarakhand disaster?

The 2021 flood in Uttarakhand, India, that resulted in over 200 dead and missing was the result of an avalanche that dropped about 27 million cubic metres of rock and glacier ice from the nearby Ronti mountain.

What happened in Uttarakhand Flood 2021?

On February 7, 2021, a portion of the Nanda Devi glacier broke off releasing the water trapped behind the ice, creating an avalanche and deluge that quickly turned into flash floods in Uttarakhand’s Chamoli district.

What is Uttarakhand cloudburst?

In morning hours of September 7, a cloud burst[lxiii] occurred over a hill near Narayanbagad in Chamoli district. The incident caused landslide flooding several homes, shops and cowsheds with debris in the area. The local people had to run to save their lives from flash flood.

Is there any cloud burst in Uttarakhand?

At least 12 people were killed after a cloudburst triggered flash floods at Ramgarh in Uttarakhand’s Nainital district on Tuesday, an official said. “…the cloud burst in Ramgarh block, about 35 km from Nainital town, caused a flash flood. …

Why did sudden flood occur in Uttarakhand Kedarnath?

Most of the destruction at Kedarnath was caused by a sudden rapid melting of ice and snow on the Kedarnath Mountain, 6 km (3.7 mi) from the temple, which flooded the Chorabari Lake (upstream) and then Kedarnath. The temple was flooded with water resulting in several deaths due to drowning and panic-driven stampede.

Is Uttarakhand prone to disasters?

It is susceptible to high erosion, earthquakes and its rivers cut the rocks deeply. In addition, rainstorms and cloud bursts lash these mountains. The valleys in the Garhwal Himalayas, drained by the Alaknanda and Bhagirathi river systems, are among the most susceptible areas in the mountain range.

Where did dam burst in India?

Emergency workers are searching for as many as 150 people after a piece of a Himalayan glacier is believed to have fallen into a river, triggering a huge flood in northern India and killing 26. The floodwaters burst open a dam and a deluge of water poured through a valley in the state of Uttarakhand on Sunday.

Has any dam broke in India?

The Machchhu dam failure or Morbi disaster is a dam-related flood disaster which occurred on 11 August 1979. The Machchu-2 dam, situated on the Machchhu river, failed, sending a wall of water through the town of Morbi (now in the Morbi district) of Gujarat, India.

Which dam burst in Uttarakhand?

Uttarakhand police said an avalanche struck at about 11:00 local time (05:30 GMT) on Sunday, destroying a dam known as the Rishiganga Hydroelectric Project. Police said the impact catapulted water along the Dhauliganga river, damaging another power project downstream in the Tapovan area.

What happened at Uttarakhand?

The sudden flood in the middle of the day in the Dhauli Ganga, Rishi Ganga and Alaknanda rivers — all intricately linked tributaries of the Ganga — triggered widespread panic and large-scale devastation in the high mountain areas. …