Table of Contents
What waves move back and forth and up and down?
Longitudinal Waves The animation at right shows a one-dimensional longitudinal plane wave propagating down a tube. The particles do not move down the tube with the wave; they simply oscillate back and forth about their individual equilibrium positions.
What type of wave travels both up and down and left and right?
Transverse waves are waves where the disturbance moves perpendicular to the direction of the wave. You can think of the wave moving left to right, while the disturbance moves up and down. One example of a transverse wave is a water wave where the water moves up and down as the wave passes through the ocean.
What type of wave moves up and down?
Types and features of waves Waves come in two kinds, longitudinal and transverse. Transverse waves are like those on water, with the surface going up and down, and longitudinal waves are like of those of sound, consisting of alternating compressions and rarefactions in a medium.
Which of the following correctly describes the relationship between wavelength and frequency for waves?
Which statement correctly describes the relationship between frequency and wavelength? As the frequency of a wave increases, the longer its wavelength is.
What is the relationship between energy and matter in waves?
The wave function for a material particle is often called a matter wave. The relationship between momentum and wavelength for matter waves is given by p = h/λ, and the relationship energy and frequency is E = hf.
What are the similarities and differences between transverse and longitudinal waves?
|Difference Between Longitudinal and Transverse Wave|
|The medium moves in the same direction of the wave||The medium is moving perpendicular to the direction of wave|
|It acts in one dimension||It acts in two dimensions|
|The wave cannot be polarized or aligned||The wave can be polarized or aligned|
Why do waves go back and forth?
After the crest the water molecules move down and backward. The result is that water molecules move in orbital paths as waves pass. There is a growing proportion of back and forth motion and less up and down motion as the wave moves through shallower and shallower water.
What is the relationship of energy wavelength and frequency?
Just as wavelength and frequency are related to light, they are also related to energy. The shorter the wavelengths and higher the frequency corresponds with greater energy. So the longer the wavelengths and lower the frequency results in lower energy. The energy equation is E = hν.
How are transverse waves different from longitudinal waves?
transverse & longitudinal waves. the string motion in vertical but the wave moves in the horizontal (perpendicular) direction Îtransverse wave. the coils of the slinky move along the same direction (horizontal) as the wave Îlongitudinal wave.
When do waves move from one surface to another?
Explain how waves can reflect from some surfaces. Waves change direction when they move from one material into another through the process of refraction. The wave will change direction when the speed of the wave changes. Explain how waves change direction when they move from one material into another.
How does a longitudinal wave move down a tube?
The animation at right shows a one-dimensional longitudinal plane wave propagating down a tube. The particles do not move down the tube with the wave; they simply oscillate back and forth about their individual equilibrium positions.
How are sound waves and earthquake waves related?
Earthquake waves travel through the Earth, sometimes bouncing off the core of the Earth and making it all the way back to the surface. Sound waves travel through the air to our ears, where we process the disturbances and interpret them. Much of our current understanding of wave motion has come from the study of acoustics.