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What was the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus built for?
The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus (Bodrum, Turkey), was a massive tomb built for Mausolus, the ruler of Caria, c. 350 BCE.
How did mausoleums get their name?
The word mausoleum derives from the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus (near modern-day Bodrum in Turkey), the grave of King Mausolus, the Persian satrap of Caria, whose large tomb was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. When Christianity became dominant, mausolea were out of use.
Who destroyed the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus?
The Mausoleum was probably destroyed by an earthquake between the 11th and the 15th century ce, and the stones were reused in local buildings. Section of the Amazon frieze from the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus, attributed to Pytheos, c. 350 bce; in the British Museum, London.
What does the frieze depict on the mausoleum?
Marble slab of the Amazon frieze of the Mausoleum of Halikarnassos. It represents combats between Greeks and Amazons. This slab shows five figures, two Greeks and three Amazons, a horse and a figure carved across the join between two slabs (1019 and missing).
When was the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus built?
Mausoleum of Halicarnassus, Halicarnassus also spelled Halikarnassos, one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The monument was the tomb of Mausolus, ruler of Caria, in southwestern Asia Minor. It was built in his capital city, Halicarnassus, between about 353 and 351 bce by his sister and widow, Artemisia II.
What was the purpose of the mausoleum at Halicarnassus?
Jennifer Rosenberg is a historian and writer who specializes in 20th-century history. The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus was a large and ornate mausoleum built both to honor and hold the remains of Mausolus of Caria.
Who was the ruler of Halicarnassus when he died?
In 377 B.C., the city of Halicarnassus was the capitol of a small kingdom along the Mediterranean coast of Asia Minor. It was in that year the ruler of this land, Hecatomnus of Mylasa, died and left control of the kingdom to his son, Mausolus.
Is the tomb at Halicarnassus still in use?
In 1522 rumors of a Turkish invasion caused Crusaders to strengthen the castle at Halicarnassus (which was by then known as Bodrum) and some of the remaining portions of the tomb were broken up and used within the castle walls. Indeed, sections of polished marble from the tomb can still be seen there today.
Where was Halicarnassus located on the Greek coast?
Mausolus, although descended from local people, spoke Greek and admired the Greek way of life and government. He founded many cities of Greek design along the coast and encouraged Greek democratic traditions. Halicarnassus was the capitol of Caria located in present day Bodrum, Turkey.