What was the Galileo spacecraft mission?

What was the Galileo spacecraft mission?

Galileo was the first spacecraft to orbit an outer planet. It was the first spacecraft to deploy an entry probe into an outer planet’s atmosphere. It completed the first flyby and imaging of an asteroid (Gaspra, and later, Ida).

What was the pioneer mission?

Pioneer 10’s mission was to study Jupiter’s atmosphere, magnetosphere and satellites, particularly Io, as well as solar wind parameters and dust distribution. Both Pioneer spacecraft were fitted with identical gold plaques intended to serve as messages for extraterrestrial life.

What was Voyager 1 main mission?

The primary mission was the exploration of Jupiter and Saturn. After making a string of discoveries there — such as active volcanoes on Jupiter’s moon Io and intricacies of Saturn’s rings — the mission was extended.

What was Pioneer 9 mission?

Pioneer 9 was the fourth in a series of five NASA probes designed to collect data on electromagnetic and plasma properties of interplanetary space from widely separated points in heliocentric orbit over at least six passages of solar activity centers. NASA maintained contact with Pioneer 9 until May 19, 1983.

When was the Galileo space mission launched?

October 18, 1989
Galileo/Launch date

What was Pioneer 10 mission?

Solving Space: Pioneer 10 Launch. Launched on March 2, 1972, Pioneer 10 was the first spacecraft to travel through the asteroid belt, and the first spacecraft to make direct observations and obtain close-up images of Jupiter. The mission was a spectacular success through its completion on January 23, 2003.

Where are Pioneer spacecraft?

Pioneer 10 is currently in the direction of the constellation Taurus. If left undisturbed, Pioneer 10 and its sister craft Pioneer 11 will join the two Voyager spacecraft and the New Horizons spacecraft in leaving the Solar System to wander the interstellar medium.

What happened to the Voyager spacecraft?

Voyager 1, which is traveling up away from the plane of the planets, passed out of the heliosphere into interstellar space, beyond the bubble of the solar wind, on Aug. 25, 2012. But it will take about 300 years for Voyager 1 to reach the inner edge of the Oort Cloud and possibly about 30,000 years to fly beyond it.

What happened to Galileo mission?

The Galileo spacecraft’s 14-year odyssey came to an end on Sunday, Sept. 21, when the spacecraft passed into Jupiter’s shadow then disintegrated in the planet’s dense atmosphere at 11:57 a.m. Pacific Daylight Time. The Deep Space Network tracking station in Goldstone, Calif., received the last signal at 12:43:14 PDT.

What was the purpose of the Galileo mission?

About the mission While its aim was to study Jupiter and its mysterious moons, which it did with much success, NASA’s Galileo mission also became notable for discoveries during its journey to the gas giant. It was the first spacecraft to visit an asteroid — two in fact, Gaspra and Ida.

Where was the Galileo spacecraft built and tested?

The Jet Propulsion Laboratory managed the Galileo mission for NASA. It built and tested the spacecraft in Pasadena, Calif. NASA’s Ames Research Center in Mountain View, Calif. managed the atmospheric descent probe, which was built by Hughes Aircraft Company. The German government supplied the propulsion module.

When did the Pioneer spacecraft go into space?

The Pioneer Spacecraft Missions are a series of eight spacecraft missions managed by the Pioneer Project Office at NASA, Ames Research Center. The following is a brief description of the other Pioneer Missions. Pioneers 6-9 were launched into Solar orbit between 1965 and 1968.

What did the Pioneer missions do to Jupiter?

This historic event marked humans’ first approach to Jupiter and opened the way for exploration of the outer solar system – for Voyager to tour the outer planets, for Ulysses to break out of the ecliptic, for Galileo to investigate Jupiter and its satellites, and for Cassini to go to Saturn and probe Titan.