What was the biggest achievement of the Hohokam?

What was the biggest achievement of the Hohokam?

The Hohokam’s development of complex canal networks in the following millennium was unsurpassed in pre-Columbian North America; this agricultural engineering was one of their greatest achievements. During the Pioneer Period they also developed several varieties of pottery.

How did the Hohokam Mogollon and Anasazi work together?

Rainfall farming in the Anasazi area created Ioose-knit settlements spread over a broad area, but agriculture in the Hohokam desert required irrigation and, consequently, dense settlements along the canals with which Hohokam farmers brought water to their fields.

Who were the Hohokam Anasazi and Mogollon?

Cultures of the Southwest The arid deserts and high plateaus of the American Southwest gave rise to three unique prehistoric cultures, Ancestral Pueblo (Anasazi), Mogollon and Hohokam. All dates are BCE (Before Current Era, or BC) and CE (Current Era, or AD).

What did the Hohokam?

The Hohokam were farmers who grew corn, beans, squash and agave. They also grew cotton for textiles. The Hohokam built hundreds of miles of canals throughout the valley to irrigate their agricultural fields. Some of these same canals were later re-excavated and used by pioneer farmers in historic times.

What were some of the accomplishments of the Hohokam?

During this time, they achieved remarkable successes. The Hohokam are probably most famous for their creation of extensive irrigation canals along the Salt and Gila rivers. In fact, the Hohokam had the largest and most complex irrigation systems of any culture in the New World north of Peru.

What were the Anasazi achievements?

One major accomplishment of the Anasazi is that they were cliff dwellers. They made their buildings on the cliffs. Their buildings were very advanced for the technology they had back then. They built their buildings high above the ground so no enemies got in.

Who were the Anasazi What did their houses look like?

They were like large apartment houses made of stone or adobe bricks, Adobe is made by mixing mud and straw and baking the bricks in the sun. For each roof, layers of heavy logs were laid across the walls. Many of the rooms were used for storing food, People climbed up wood ladders to go from one level to the next.

What did the Mogollon invent?

The first pottery in the Southwest was made by the Mogollon, and it was well made from the beginning, suggesting that the craft may have been imported from Mexico.

What region did the Hohokam live in?

The Hohokam lived in the Phoenix Basin along the Gila and Salt Rivers, in southern Arizona along the Santa Cruz and San Pedro Rivers, and north on the Lower Verde River and along the New and Agua Fria Rivers.

How are Anasazi and Hohokam adapted to the desert?

Anasazi is an adaptation to the pinyon juniperthat covers the Colorado Plateau (Fig. 7). That adapta­tion is signaled by stone masonry and black-on-white pottery. Hohokam is an adaptation to the Sonoran desert (Fig. 8). Agriculture in the desert requires irrigation, and big canals were the heart of Hohokam.

What was the Anasazi desert like in the 11th century?

Anasazi, in the 11th and 12th centuries, was a broad, dynamic adaptation to rainfall fanning in the pinyon-juniper region. Hohokam was equally extensive. The Hohokam deserts around the Phoenix and Tucson areas look inhospitable, but during the 11th and 12th centuries they were heavily occupied.

What do anazazi, Hohokam, and Mogollon represent?

Anazazi, Hohokam, and Mogollon have acquired a reality of their own: they are presumed to repre­sent cultures or peoples whose social, political, or economic interactions we then study (see Fig. 15).

What was the major technological achievement of the Hohokam culture?

A major technological achievement was the casting of copper bells in wax molds. The Classic Period of Hohokam culture is notable for the peaceful intrusion of the Salado tribe, a branch of the Ancestral Pueblo (Anasazi) culture.