What was Maria Teresa the ruler of?

What was Maria Teresa the ruler of?

Maria Theresa, German Maria Theresia, (born May 13, 1717, Vienna—died November 29, 1780, Vienna), archduchess of Austria and queen of Hungary and Bohemia (1740–80), wife and empress of the Holy Roman emperor Francis I (reigned 1745–65), and mother of the Holy Roman emperor Joseph II (reigned 1765–90).

What major events happened during Maria Theresa reign?

Key events during the life of Maria Theresa:

Year Event
1736 Married Francis Stephen of Lorraine
1740 Father died and Maria became queen
1740 War of the Austrian Succession
1743 Had herself crowned King of Bohemia

What were Maria Theresa accomplishments?

Maria Theresa strengthened the army by doubling the number of troops from her father’s reign, reorganized the tax structure to insure a predictable annual income to support the costs of the government and army, and centralized an office to assist in the collection of the taxes.

How did Maria Theresa reform the government?

Maria Theresa invested in reforms that advanced what today would be defined as public health. Her initiatives included the study of infant mortality, countering wasteful and unhygienic burial customs, and inoculation of children. Wishing to improve Austria’s bureaucracy, Maria Theresa reformed education in 1775.

How did Maria Theresa gain power?

In 1740, Maria Theresa succeeded the Habsburg throne. In resistance, Frederick II’s army invaded and claimed Silesia. In 1756 Frederick II waged the Seven Years’ War against her. In 1765 she appointed her son her co-regent.

What did Maria Theresa do during her reign?

In 1771, Maria Theresa issued the Robot Patent, the serf reform designed to regulate the peasants’ labor payments in all of the Habsburg lands. The empress had a long reign which spanned forty years. She died on November 29, 1780. Some historians have termed Maria Theresa as the savior of the Habsburg Dynasty.

How old was Maria Theresa when she became empress?

First of all, Maria Theresa (1717-1780) was never actually crowned empress. As the only female ruler in the House of Habsburg, she was the Archduchess of Austria and the Queen of Hungary and Bohemia. Maria Theresa was only 23 years old when she ascended to the Austrian throne in 1740.

Who was the father of Maria Theresa of Austria?

Top Questions. Maria Theresa’s father was the Holy Roman emperor Charles VI, and her mother was Elizabeth of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. Charles was the last surviving prince of his line, and, in an effort to preserve the Habsburg dominions, he issued the Pragmatic Sanction to allow Maria Theresa to succeed him.

How many children did Maria Theresa have with Charles VI?

She was also one of the most successful Habsburg rulers, male or female, while bearing sixteen children between 1738 and 1756. Maria Theresa was the eldest daughter of Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI.