What routes can nitroglycerin be given?

What routes can nitroglycerin be given?

Nitro administration routes

  • Nitroglycerin sublingual tablets: Nitrostat, individual tablets, 0.3 mg, 0.4 mg or 0.6mg.
  • Nitroglycerin sublingual spray: Nitrolingual, 1 metered spray, 0.3 mg.
  • Nitroglycerin transdermal paste: Nitro-Bid, applied with a measuring paper, 7.5mg per half inch.

Is nitroglycerin given IV?

Initially, 0.25 to 0.5 mcg/kg/minute continuous IV infusion. Titrate by 1 mcg/kg/minute IV every 15 to 20 minutes as tolerated. The usual dosage range is 1 to 5 mcg/kg/minute.

Why is nitroglycerin administered under the tongue?

— — Question: How does nitroglycerin work, when is it used, and why is it placed under the tongue? Answer: Nitroglycerin is used because it dilates the vessels and therefore lowers the blood pressure.

How do you administer nitroglycerin spray?

Open your mouth, and bring the container as close to your mouth as possible. Press the button to spray the medication onto or under your tongue. Use 1 to 2 sprays as directed by your doctor, then close your mouth. Do not inhale or swallow the spray.

What precautions are taken when administering nitroglycerin?

Nitroglycerin sublingual tablets should not be chewed, crushed, or swallowed. They work much faster when absorbed through the lining of the mouth. Place the tablet under the tongue or between the cheek and gum, and let it dissolve. Do not eat, drink, smoke, or use chewing tobacco while a tablet is dissolving.

What are the 5 contraindications of nitroglycerin?

Who should not take NITROGLYCERIN?

  • significant anemia.
  • methemoglobinemia, a type of blood disorder.
  • severe heart failure.
  • a hemorrhage in the brain.
  • low blood pressure.
  • high pressure within the skull.

What IV tubing is used for nitroglycerin?

PVC tubing has been used in most published studies of intravenous nitroglycerin, but the reported doses have been calculated by simply multiplying the flow rate of the solution by the solution’s original concentration of nitroglycerin.

Why is nitroglycerin given IV?

Nitroglycerin injection is used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure) during surgery or to control congestive heart failure in patients who have had a heart attack. It may also be used to produce hypotension (low blood pressure) during surgery.

Why do we administer nitroglycerin to a patient with chest pain?

It is used to treat angina symptoms, such as chest pain or pressure that happens when there is not enough blood flowing to the heart. To improve blood flow to the heart, nitroglycerin opens up (dilates) the arteries in the heart (coronary arteries), which improves symptoms and reduces how hard the heart has to work.

What does Translingual route mean?

Having the same meaning in many languages. (translation studies) Operating between different languages.

How long does nitroglycerin last after opened?

The sublingual nitrogycerin tablets should be placed after 6 months, once the bottle is opened. Otherwise it is good until the expiry date on the bottle. 3 minutes after sublingual nitroglycerin administration and reaches a maximum by 5 minutes postdose.

How often can I take nitroglycerin tablets?

Nitroglycerin is not expensive and it is not habit forming. For this reason patients can take it several times a day without any harm. Slow release or extended-release capsules are usually taken in pill form 3 to 4 times a day.

How many Nitroglycerin can you take?

Do not administer more than 3 tablets of sublingual nitroglycerin. This is the maximum dosage of sublingual nitroglycerin that can be taken at one time. Allow at least 12 hours before administering another dose.

How long are nitroglycerin tablets good for?

The shelf life for sublingual nitroglycerin tablets is 6 months, once the original bottle is opened. If the bottle is unopened then the tablets will have a shelf life until the expiry printed on the bottle.