Table of Contents
What is the main crop grown in Sudan?
Among the most important plants grown throughout the Sudan are fibre crops (mainly cotton), oil crops (groundnut and sesame), cereals (sorghum and wheat), vegetable crops (e.g. tomato, onion, eggplant, hot and sweet peppers, okra and cucurbits) and orchard crops (mango, citrus, guava and date-palm).
What crops are grown in the Sahel?
The Sahel is home to cowpeas, pigeon peas, groundnut, green grams and chick peas but millet and sorghum are the two most vital food crops of the Sahel.
Why is irrigation important for farming?
Irrigation helps to grow agricultural crops, maintain landscapes, and revegetate disturbed soils in dry areas and during periods of less than average rainfall. Irrigation also has other uses in crop production, including frost protection, suppressing weed growth in grain fields and preventing soil consolidation.
What is its most valuable export in Sudan?
Sudan’s most important export is gold (70 percent of total exports) followed by livestock (25 percent). Others include: oil, arabic gum and cotton. Main import partner is China (78 percent) followed by UAE, Japan, Saudi Arabia and Italy.
What are Sudan’s resources?
Finally, Sudan’s rich endowment of natural resources, including natural gas, gold, silver, chromite, manganese, gypsum, mica, zinc, iron, lead, uranium, copper, kaolin, cobalt, granite, nickel, tin, and aluminum offer significant economic potential.
Why are more crops being grown in the Sahel?
A Race Against the Weather. The Sahel is a semi-arid transition zone in the agro-climatic zone south of the Sahara Desert and north of the wetter North Sudanian region. It’s crucial that farmers time crop planting with the weather, especially in the northern regions where rainfall is more limited.
Why is irrigation water important to plants in crop production?
Plants need water to grow! Plants are about 80-95% water and need water for multiple reasons as they grow including for photosynthesis, for cooling, and to transport minerals and nutrients from the soil and into the plant.
How important is irrigation to the success of crop production?
In areas that have irregular precipitation, irrigation improves crop growth and quality. By allowing farmers to grow crops on a consistent schedule, irrigation also creates more reliable food supplies. Ancient civilizations in many parts of the world practiced irrigation.
What goods and services does Sudan produce?
More than half of the government’s total revenue is from petroleum exports. Besides petroleum, Sudan’s other chief exports are livestock, cotton, gum arabic, sorghum, and sesame, while its chief imports consist of machinery and equipment, manufactured goods, motor vehicles, and wheat.
What was the main source of irrigation in Sudan?
The Nile and its tributaries were the source of water for 93 percent of irrigated agriculture, and of this, the Blue Nile accounted for about 67 percent. Gravity flow was the main form of irrigation, although pumps served part of the irrigated area.
What kind of crops do they grow in Sudan?
Because of the relative anarchy of the mechanized rain-fed sector in agriculture, planners in Sudan have tended to concentrate their efforts on irrigation schemes, under which cotton is the dominant crop.
What was the size of Sudan’s agriculture in 1991?
In 1991 Sudan had a large modern irrigated agriculture sector totaling more than 2 million hectares out of about 84 million hectares that are potentially arable. About 93 percent of the irrigated area was in government projects; the remaining 7 percent belonged to private operations.
What was the main source of livelihood in Sudan?
In the early 1990s, agriculture and livestock raising were the main sources of livelihood in Sudan for about 61 percent of the working population. Approximately one-third of the total area of Sudan is suitable for agricultural development and heavier rainfall in the south permits both agriculture and herding by nomadic…