What is the cause and effect of precipitation?
Precipitation forms in the clouds when water vapor condenses into bigger and bigger droplets of water. When the drops are heavy enough, they fall to the Earth. If a cloud is colder, like it would be at higher altitudes, the water droplets may freeze to form ice.
What factors affects temperature?
The factors that affect the temperature in a specific area are:
- the latitude. height above sea level. distance from the sea. ocean currents.
- height above sea level. distance from the sea. ocean currents. prevailing winds.
- distance from the sea. ocean currents. prevailing winds.
- ocean currents. prevailing winds.
- prevailing winds.
What are the three factors affecting the temperature?
Many factors affects temperature. Among them, three factors that affect temperature are altitude, latitude and distance from sea. This note provides an information about the factors affecting climate.
What causes an increase in precipitation?
As average temperatures at the Earth’s surface rise (see the U.S. and Global Temperature indicator), more evaporation occurs, which, in turn, increases overall precipitation. Therefore, a warming climate is expected to increase precipitation in many areas.
What are the two causes of precipitation?
Precipitation occurs when water droplets or crystals condense out of air saturated with water vapor and fall from the sky to the ground. It may occur when evaporation causes the amount of water vapor in the air to increase or when air cools and its capacity to hold water decreases. Precipitation comes from clouds.
What is the relationship between temperature and rainfall?
The physical rationale behind the relationship between rainfall and temperature is that rainfall may affect soil moisture which may in turn affect surface temperature by controlling the partitioning between the sensible and latent heat fluxes .
How does temperature affect the evaporation of water?
Increasing the temperature of a body of water also often increases evaporation. This is because as the temperature rises, the water molecules begin moving about more rapidly. This increases the odds that molecules will escape. Warmer air also affects the speed of evaporation.
How does water depth affect temperature?
The temperature of ocean water also varies with depth. In the ocean, solar energy is reflected in the upper surface or rapidly absorbed with depth, meaning that the deeper into the ocean you descend, the less sunlight there is. This results in less warming of the water.
How does temperature affect the speed of water?
Temperature causes water molecules to move more quickly, because each individual molecule has more energy as it gets hotter (according to Kinetic molecular theory). If you get water hot enough, the molecules move so much that the hydrogen bonds that hold them together start to break and the water becomes a gas… water vapor.