# What does a dense electron cloud mean?

## What does a dense electron cloud mean?

The amount of electrons in a molecule affects how tight the nuclear charge can control the overall charge distribution. Atoms with fewer electrons will have smaller, denser electron clouds, as there is a strong interaction between the few electrons in the atoms’ orbitals and the positively charged nucleus.

### What is the cloud of electrons called?

Using his equation, he identified regions around the nucleus, called orbitals, where electrons are most likely to be. Orbitals are the basis of the electron cloud model of the atom.

#### What is the density of an electron?

Dividing the electron mass, 10-27g, by the (very loosely estimated) volume ~ 10-48cm, one gets the density 1021g/cm3.

Where is the density of an electron cloud highest?

The core zone contains the innermost contours, that is, high electron density. The circular shape of the cores (which is the same shape seen in isolated atoms) suggests that core electron density is controlled by the nucleus’ electric field, and not by neighboring atoms.

Why are some parts of the electron cloud dense?

Since the radial probability density is a distribution of encountered electrons over time, it means that the denser regions contain a greater probability of encountering an electron.

## Where is the density of an electron cloud?

The density of the cloud is proportional to the probability of an electron being there. In an atom, the electron cloud surrounds the nucleus, and it is most dense near the nucleus.

### What does the density of an electron tell us?

This calculation produce a quantity called electron density, a number that tells us the relative probability of finding an electron at a particular point in space. Quantum mechanics also says that an electron can be viewed as a stationary wave, or, cloud of negative charge.

#### Is the electron cloud a positive or negative charge?

Updated July 27, 2018. The electron cloud is ​the region of negative charge surrounding an atomic nucleus that is associated with an atomic orbital.

Why does an electron look like a stationary cloud?

The orbital, whether atomic or molecular, covers a region of space and does not move. The orbital picture says, in effect, a moving electron looks like a stationary cloud of negative charge. We say the cloud is “stationary” because the amount of negative charge at each point does not change (remember: the orbital’s shape does not change).