Table of Contents
What did the Dawes Act do quizlet?
A federal law intended to turn Native Americans into farmers and landowners by providing cooperating families with 160 acres of reservation land for farming or 320 acres for grazing.
What was the purpose of the Dawes Plan?
The Dawes Plan (as proposed by the Dawes Committee, chaired by Charles G. Dawes) was a plan in 1924 that successfully resolved the issue of World War I reparations that Germany had to pay. It ended a crisis in European diplomacy following World War I and the Treaty of Versailles.
Who was the primary audience of the Dawes Act?
Only those Native Americans who accepted the individual allotments were allowed to become US citizens. The objective of the Dawes Act was to assimilate Native Americans into mainstream US society by annihilating their cultural and social traditions.
Why was the Dawes Act of 1887 important?
The death of over 200 American soldiers right around the time of the nation’s centennial celebration ignited cries for revenge against the Sioux and all recalcitrant Native Americans. This was the atmosphere in which Henry Dawes was operating when he unveiled his plan. Dawes’s plan was to ‘save’ Native Americans by changing their way of life.
What did Henry Dawes do for a living?
Henry Dawes was a Senator from Massachusetts. Homestead Act: The Homestead Act gave away land in the West to settlers in an effort to populate those territories; it was a clear marker of what was coming. Indian Removal Act of 1830 was the unsuccessful attempt to relocate the Native Americans.
How did the Dawes Act affect the Five Civilized Tribes?
Dawes Act. The Curtis Act of 1898 amended the Dawes Act to extend its provisions to the Five Civilized Tribes; it required abolition of their governments, allotment of communal lands to people registered as tribal members, and sale of lands declared surplus, as well as dissolving tribal courts.
When was the Dawes Act amended for the Great Depression?
The Dawes Act was amended again in 1906 under the Burke Act . During the Great Depression, the Franklin D. Roosevelt administration passed the US Indian Reorganization Act (also known as the Wheeler-Howard Law) on June 18, 1934.