What causes population growth in Egypt?

What causes population growth in Egypt?

The increase from 60 million to 88 million is due to population momentum, while the rest of the increase to 113 million is due to a fertility rate exceeding replacement level.

Who made up most of Egypt’s population?

Population. The vast majority of Egyptians live in Egypt where they constitute the primary ethnic group at 97-98% (about 76.4 million) of the total population. Approximately 90% of the population of Egypt is Muslim and 10% is Christian (9% Coptic, 1% other Christian).

What does most of the land area of Egypt consist of?

Egypt is predominantly desert. 35,000 km2 – 3.5% – of the total land area is cultivated and permanently settled. Most of the country lies within the wide band of desert that stretches eastwards from Africa’s Atlantic Coast across the continent and into southwest Asia.

Why is Egypt so densely populated?

They are heavily concentrated in the very narrow strip of land on both sides of the Nile river, known as the Nile Valley, leaving vast areas of land that are mostly uninhabitable, underpopulated, and underdeveloped.

Is the population increasing in Egypt?

Egypt Population 2021 (Live) Egypt has a population of about 102 million people. According to current projections, Egypt’s population is expected to double by 2078. The population is currently growing at a rate of 1.94%, a rate that adds about 2 million people to the population every year.

What was ancient Egypt population?

The size of the population has been estimated as having risen from 1 to 1.5 million in the 3rd millennium bce to perhaps twice that number in the late 2nd millennium and 1st millennium bce. (Much higher levels of population were reached in Greco-Roman times.)

Where is Egypt’s population located?

A majority of the population lives near the banks of the Nile River, which amasses an area of 40,000 square kilometers. This area is the only arable land found in the country. The three largest cities of the country are Cairo, Alexandria, and Giza.

What are the factors responsible for the high population density in the Nile Valley of Egypt?

The spatial distribution of population in the basin is influenced by a number of factors among which are climate, rainfall, soil fertility, mineral resources, and social and economic infrastructure (transport, education, health, telecommunications, and hospitality sector facilities).

What is the main reason for population growth?

The primary (and perhaps most obvious) cause of population growth is an imbalance between births and deaths. The infant mortality rate has decreased globally, with 4.1 million infant deaths in 2017 compared to 8.8 million in 1990, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).

Where does most of the population of Egypt live?

Population density. Egypt is the most populous country in the Arab World and the third-most populous on the African continent (after Nigeria and Ethiopia). About 95% of the country’s 97 million people (2017) live along the banks of the Nile and in the Nile Delta, which fans out north of Cairo; and along the Suez Canal.

Where is the least able to support population growth in Egypt?

Fertility rates are especially high in the poor rural areas of Upper Egypt, which are least able to support rapid population growth. A third of Egypt’s population and nearly half of the Egyptian poor reside in Upper Egypt. [6]

Why was the population of ancient Egypt so dense?

According to the map below, the Ancient Egyptian population clearly centered around its greatest natural resource as mentioned previously, the Nile River. Its fertile land made for easier living and built a successful society. This map shows how dense the population is around the Nile River because of it’s benefits to the Egyptian society.

What was the location of the ancient Egyptian civilization?

Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient North Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River, situated in the place that is now the country Egypt. Ancient Egyptian civilization followed prehistoric Egypt and coalesced around 3100 BC (according to conventional Egyptian chronology) with the political unification