What are 8 common nail disorders?

What are 8 common nail disorders?

Local Nail Abnormalities

  • DYSTROPHIC NAILS (SELF-INDUCED) Dystrophic nails (Figure 2) can be caused by repeated manipulation of the nail plate (e.g., manicures/pedicures, biting, rubbing).

What are the different types of nail disorders?

Types of Nail Disease

  • Nail discoloration. The normal nail is pale pink in color.
  • Bacterial paronychia. This is a condition caused by bacterial infection of the nail fold.
  • Chronic paronychia.
  • Traumatic changes to the nail.
  • Elevation of the nail plate (onycholysis)
  • Ingrown nails.
  • Nail thickening.
  • Nail ridges.

What is the most common nail disorder?

Onychomycosis (tinea unguium and Candida onychia) Background: Onychomycosis is the most common nail disorder, affecting 2%-13% of Americans. The prevalence of this disease is higher in men and in elderly, diabetic, and immunocompromised patients.

What are the 3 examples of nail disorders?

The following are some of the more common nail conditions, causes, symptoms, and how to treat them….Nail psoriasis

  • crumbling nails.
  • pitting.
  • changes in color to yellow or brown.
  • a build-up of skin under the nails.
  • blood under the nails.
  • the nail separates from the bed.

What causes nail disorder?

Common causes of nail problems include injury, infection and skin diseases such as eczema and psoriasis. Some conditions need professional treatment from a doctor or a dermatologist. People with diabetes or compromised immune systems have a higher risk of fungal nail infections.

Why do doctors press your fingernails?

The capillary nail refill test is a quick test done on the nail beds. It is used to monitor dehydration and the amount of blood flow to tissue.

Do you think nail disorders can be treated?

Nail abnormalities, in most cases, are not serious and can be easily treated. In other cases, a health condition that may need medical attention and treatment might be the cause. In this article, we give a list of nail abnormalities along with their potential causes and pictures.

What causes wavy fingernails?

Wavy nails can be sign or symptom of transient conditions, environmental factors or of immune based diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and lichen, metabolic disorders, malnutrition, or fungal diseases. They can also change with aging.

How do you treat nail disease?


  1. Oral antifungal drugs. These drugs are often the first choice because they clear the infection more quickly than do topical drugs.
  2. Medicated nail polish. Your doctor may prescribe an antifungal nail polish called ciclopirox (Penlac).
  3. Medicated nail cream.

How can you tell if you have nail disease?

The most common symptom is that the nails break easily. The American Osteopathic College of Dermatology state people can often tell if the cause is internal, as the condition affects both fingernails and toenails. If there is an external cause, symptoms will typically only affect the fingernails.

Nail Conditions & Disorders 1 Beaus Lines. 2 Furrows. 3 Leukonychia. 4 Eggshell Nails. 5 Hangnail. 6 Clubbing 7 Half-and-Half (Lindsay’s nails) May appear in a small percentage of people who have a kidney disorder. 8 Onycholysis (ON-i-ko-LY-sis) — The nail separates from the nail bed. 9 Spoon nails. 10 Terry’s nails.

How can you tell if you have onycholysis?

Symptoms The main symptom of onycholysis is the separation of the nail from the nail bed. This can result in discoloration of the nail, turning it green, yellow, or opaque. It can also cause additional skin tissue under the nail, nail pitting, nail thickening, or bending of the nail edges.

What to look for in a nail technician?

Nail technicians have to pay close attention to sanitization as well as disinfection, to prevent the spread of nail diseases amongst clients. This post will disclose more on what to look for on client’s nails and methods to use to prevent your clients from contracting and spreading nail diseases.