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How did the Underground Railroad impact the world?
The work of the Underground Railroad resulted in freedom for many men, women, and children. It also helped undermine the institution of slavery, which was finally ended in the United States during the Civil War. Many northerners thought that slavery was so horrible that they grew to hate the South.
Was the Underground Railroad effective?
Ironically the Fugitive Slave Act increased Northern opposition to slavery and helped hasten the Civil War. The Underground Railroad gave freedom to thousands of enslaved women and men and hope to tens of thousands more. In both cases the success of the Underground Railroad hastened the destruction of slavery.
What was the reverse of the Underground Railroad?
In Northern states bordering on the Ohio River, a “reverse Underground Railroad” sprang up. Black men and women, whether or not they had ever been slaves, were sometimes kidnapped in those states and hidden in homes, barns or other buildings until they could be taken into the South and sold as slaves.
What was the danger of the Underground Railroad?
Operators of the Underground Railroad faced their own dangers. If someone living in the North was convicted of helping fugitives to escape he or she could be fined hundreds or even thousands of dollars, a tremendous amount for the time; however, in areas where abolitionism was strong, the “secret” railroad operated quite openly.
Where did slaves go on the Underground Railroad?
Many went on to Canada, where they could not legally be retrieved by their owners. A trip on the Underground Railroad was fraught with danger. The slave or slaves had to make a getaway from their owners, usually by night.
Who was the conductor of the Underground Railroad?
Among the best known “conductors” is Harriet Tubman, a former slave who returned to slave states 19 times and brought more than 300 slaves to freedom—using her shotgun to threaten death to any who lost heart and wanted to turn back. Operators of the Underground Railroad faced their own dangers.