How did the British conquer Hong Kong?

How did the British conquer Hong Kong?

The Qing dynasty ceded Hong Kong to the British Empire in 1842 through the treaty of Nanjing, ending the First Opium War. Hong Kong then became a British crown colony. Britain also won the Second Opium War, forcing the Qing Empire to cede Kowloon in 1860, while leasing the New Territories for 99 years from 1898.

Why did Hong Kong end up being controlled by the British until 1997?

In 1841, China surrendered the island to the British and an agreement called the Treaty of Nanking was signed – it formally ended the First Opium War. This kept Hong Kong under British rule until 1997.

Did Britain ever control Hong Kong?

On July 1, 1898, Britain was granted an additional 99 years of rule over the Hong Kong colony under the Second Convention of Peking. Hong Kong was occupied by the Japanese from 1941 to 1944 during World War II but remained in British hands throughout the various Chinese political upheavals of the 20th century.

Why did the British want Hong Kong?

In 1839, Britain invaded China to crush opposition to its interference in the country’s economic and political affairs. One of Britain’s first acts of the war was to occupy Hong Kong, a sparsely inhabited island off the coast of southeast China.

Why did the British give Hong Kong to China?

In September 1984, after years of negotiations, the British and the Chinese signed a formal agreement approving the 1997 turnover of the island in exchange for a Chinese pledge to preserve Hong Kong’s capitalist system.

When did Britain leave Hong Kong?

On July 1, 1997, Hong Kong was peaceably handed over to China in a ceremony attended by numerous Chinese, British, and international dignitaries.

When did Britain agree to Hong Kong?

Handover of Hong Kong

The Monument in Commemoration of the Return of Hong Kong to China in 2009
Date 1 July 1997
Time 00:00 (HKT)
Location Hong Kong
Participants China United Kingdom

Why was it called British Hong Kong?

Opium Wars The First Opium War lasted from 1839 to 1842. Britain invaded the Chinese mainland and occupied the island of Hong Kong on Jan. China lost the war and had to cede Hong Kong to Britain in the Treaty of Nanking. As a result, Hong Kong became a crown colony of the British Empire.

When did Hong Kong become a British colony?

British Hong Kong. The colonial period began with the occupation of Hong Kong Island in 1841 during the First Opium War. The island was ceded by Qing dynasty in the aftermath of the war in 1842 and established as a Crown colony in 1843. The colony expanded to the Kowloon Peninsula in 1860 after the Second Opium War and was further extended…

What is the anti bribery law in Hong Kong?

The Prevention of Bribery Ordinance (Cap. 201) (POBO), enacted in 1971, is the primary anti-bribery legislation in Hong Kong and is enforced by the Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC). It contains provisions prohibiting bribery in both the public and private sectors.

Why was Hong Kong chosen as a British base?

Elliot chose Hong Kong instead of Chusan because he believed a settlement further east would cause an “indefinite protraction of hostilities”, whereas Hong Kong’s harbour was a valuable base for the British trading community in Canton.

How did the Treaty of Nanking affect Hong Kong?

The Treaty of Nanking failed to satisfy British expectations of a major expansion of trade and profit, which led to increasing pressure for a revision of the terms. In October 1856, Chinese authorities in Canton detained the Arrow, a Chinese-owned ship registered in Hong Kong to enjoy the protection of the British flag.