Table of Contents
Which is the special or unique feature of mercury metal?
Mercury is the only metal that is a liquid at standard temperature and pressure. The only other liquid element under standard conditions is bromine (a halogen), although the metals rubidium, cesium, and gallium melt at a temperature just above room temperature.
Why is mercury exceptional in metals?
Mercury is given as an exception for metals being solids as it is liquid at room temperature but all the other metals are solid at room temperature.
Which properties best describes the element mercury?
Mercury is sometimes called quicksilver. It is a heavy, silvery-white liquid metal. It is a rather poor conductor of heat if compared with other metals but it is a fair conductor of electricity. It alloys easily with many metals, such as gold, silver, and tin.
What properties does mercury have?
Mercury has a relatively high vapour pressure and the highest volatility of any metal, vapourizing to become a colourless, odourless gas. The metal is a fair conductor of electricity, but a poor conductor of heat. Mercury’s atomic number is 80.
How does mercury differ from other metals quizlet?
a) No it is not fundamentally different from other metals, because all metals become liquid at some temperature. Mercury is also an excellent conductor of electricity, and sealed inside a glass container, the mercury flows into a position so that it connects two metals with no chance of a spark getting out.
What makes mercury a metal?
Mercury is also sometimes called quicksilver or liquid silver. Mercury is classified as a “Transition Metal” as it is ductile, malleable, and is able to conduct heat and electricity.
What are some unique properties of mercury?
Is mercury element lustrous?
Mercury is remarkable because it is the only metal that is liquid at room temperature. It is a dense, lustrous grey metal.
What is mercury made of?
Mercury is a rocky planet with a huge iron core which makes up a large part of its interior. The core takes up nearly 3/4 of the planet’s diameter. Mercury’s iron core is about the size of the moon. Iron makes up about 70% of Mercury’s total weight making Mercury the most iron-rich planet in the Solar System.
Is mercury the element a metal?
Elemental or metallic mercury is a shiny, silver-white metal, historically referred to as quicksilver, and is liquid at room temperature. It is used in older thermometers, fluorescent light bulbs and some electrical switches.
What elements are most similar?
Answer:The elements in the first column of the Periodic Table (other than hydrogen) are known as Group 1A metals, or alkali metals. When you compare the chemical properties of these elements (lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium, cesium, and francium), what you’ll notice is that they are all remarkably similar.
How is Mercury different from other metallic elements?
There are only two elements that are liquids at room temperature, the other one being bromine, a non-metal. So yes, mercury is unique in that way (melting point around -39 Celsius). Nearest contender is Gallium, that litterally melts in your hand (MP=29.8 Celsius)
What is the difference between Mercury and lead?
Both lead and mercury are metals, physically lead is solid at room temperature, however mercury is a liquid, but chemically they are both metals. Mercury is a classified as a transition metal, however technically isn’t as it doesn’t not have a partially filled d-orbital in either it elemental state or as one of it’s common ions.
What are the different types of mercury compounds?
It exists in several forms: 1 Elemental (metallic) mercury 2 Inorganic mercury compounds 3 Methylmercury and other organic compounds
Which is the only liquid metal in the world?
Mercury is the only liquid metal. In fact, there is only one other liquid element, bromine. Bromine is a non-metal. Mercury can be frozen (changed into a solid) at a temperature of – 38.85 ° C ( – 37.93 ° F). It can be changed into a gas (“boiled”) at 365.6 ° C (690.1 ° F). Its density is 13.59 grams per cubic centimeter.