Table of Contents
Where is the double bond in unsaturated fat?
Unsaturated fatty acids have one or more double bonds. Each double bond may be in a cis or trans configuration. In the cis configuration, both hydrogens are on the same side of the hydrocarbon chain. In the trans configuration, the hydrogens are on opposite sides.
Do unsaturated fats have a double bond?
unsaturated fat, a fatty acid in which the hydrocarbon molecules have two carbons that share double or triple bond(s) and are therefore not completely saturated with hydrogen atoms.
Where can you find the first double bond in unsaturated fatty acids?
One system for naming unsaturated fatty acids is to indicate the position of the first double bond counting from the opposite end from the carboxyl group. That terminal carbon atom (shown here in blue) is called the omega carbon atom.
What type of fatty acid has double bonds?
Unsaturated Fatty Acids
Unsaturated Fatty Acids Unsaturated fatty acid carbon chains contain one or more double bonds with a terminal carboxylic group (–COOH), unlike saturated fatty acids, which contain no double bonds. These fatty acids are subdivided into two groups depending on the number of double bonds.
What are the alkene unsaturated?
Alkenes are called unsaturated molecules because two atoms can join onto half of the carbon = carbon double bond when it opens up. In other words they potentially have spare bonds to link up with other atoms and alkanes cannot do this. Alkenes have two fewer hydrogen atoms than alkanes.
What is the effect of a double bond on fatty acid structure?
Double bonds in unsaturated fats cause kinks in fatty acid chain which prevent the molecules from packing closely together to form a solid at room temperature, so such fats are liquid in room temperature (e.g. olive oil).
Which is an unsaturated fatty acid?
An unsaturated fat is a fat or fatty acid in which there is one or more double bond in the fatty acid chain. A fat molecule is monounsaturated if it contains one double bond, and polyunsaturated if it contains more than one double bond. Antioxidants can protect unsaturated fat from lipid peroxidation.
What type of Bond appears in an unsaturated fat?
Whether a fatty acid is saturated or unsaturated is determined by how the carbon atoms are bonded together.
What is a fat that contains no double bond?
Fatty acids which contain no carbon-carbon double bonds are referred to as saturated fats. This type of fat is found in foods including meats, cheeses, dairy products, cakes, and chocolate.
What is the general formula for unsaturated fat?
The term ‘unsaturated’ indicates that the carbons atoms do not have the maximum possible hydrogen atoms bound to carbon atoms.
Why are unsaturated fats so important?
Unsaturated fats are an important supply of calories and, therefore, energy to the human body. In general, fats are made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen and are the most concentrated source of energy in food.