Table of Contents
What plants live in the rainforest canopy?
Rainforest Canopy Layer Plants: Epiphytes
- More than 20,000 species of orchids.
- Rattan (a specific type of woody vine called lianas)
- Araceae family “creepers”
- More than 2,500 species of vines.
- Epiphyllum phyllanthus (a type of epiphytic cactus)
- King ferns.
- Scaly tree fern.
- Various species of basket ferns.
What animals and plants live and grow in the Amazon rainforest?
The Amazon is one of Earth’s last refuges for jaguars, harpy eagles, and pink river dolphins, and it is home to sloths, black spider monkeys, and poison dart frogs. It contains one in 10 known species on Earth, 40,000 plant species, 3,000 freshwater fish species, and more than 370 types of reptiles.
What animals eat canopy trees in the rainforest?
In the Amazon rainforest, canopy fruit is snatched up in the large beaks of screeching scarlet macaws and keel-billed toucans, and picked by barking spider and howler monkeys. The silent two-toed sloth chews on the leaves, shoots, and fruit in the canopy.
What animals live in the forest floor layer of the rainforest?
Anteaters, jaguars, and scorpions are some of the animals that live in the forest floor layer. The animals of the rainforest do not usually stay in only one layer.
What plant are in the Amazon rainforest?
Myrtles, laurels, bignonias, figs, Spanish cedars, mahogany, and rosewoods are also common. They support a myriad of epiphytes (plants living on other plants)—such as orchids, bromeliads, and cacti—as well as ferns and mosses.
How many plant and animal species are in the Amazon rainforest?
There are approximately 10 million species of animals, plants and insects known to man and more than half of them call the rainforest home. There are approximately 3000 fruits that grow in the rainforest that are edible. Many plants around the world have medicinal qualities.
What plants do animals eat in the Amazon rainforest?
Many rain forest-dwelling ungulates – animals with hooves – are herbivores, including the tapir of South America, which consumes herbaceous vegetation and fruit, especially bananas. Able swimmers, tapirs also feed on aquatic plants.
What are some plants you can eat in the Amazon rainforest?
Edible plants from the Amazon include fruits like avocados, coconuts, figs, oranges, lemons, grapefruit, bananas, guavas, acai berries, pineapples, mangoes and tomatoes; vegetables including corn, potatoes, rice, winter squash and yams; spices like black pepper, cayenne , chocolate, cinnamon , cloves, ginger, sugar cane, turmeric , coffee and vanilla
What animals are found in the Amazon rainforest?
Some of the animals that live in the Amazon Rainforest include jaguars, sloths, river dolphins, macaws, anacondas, glass frogs, and poison dart frogs. One in ten known species in the world lives in the Amazon Rainforest as do one in five known bird species.
What poisonous plants are in the Amazon rainforest?
Strychnos is a plant found in the Amazon rain forest with oval leaves, green flowers that have an unpleasant smell and red fruit about the size of an apple. The plant is best known for its use in creating poisonous arrows that kill a victim through contact with blood and asphyxiation.
What animals are extinct in the Amazon rainforest?
Astonishingly, about 35 species of animals in the Amazon Rainforest become extinct each and every day. Unfortunately there are more and more species becoming endangered in the Amazon Rainforest. Some of the currently endangered animals include the jaguar, gorilla, poison Dart frog, hyacinth macaw, golden-lion tamarind, and the three-toed sloth.