Table of Contents
- 1 What is a part of the chromosome of an organism that carries information in the form of DNA called?
- 2 What is the name of the cell part that carries your genetic information?
- 3 What is the name of the section of a chromosome that controls a characteristic?
- 4 Which chromosomes are called autosomes?
- 5 Where are chromosomes located in an animal cell?
- 6 Which is part of the chromosome keeps DNA tightly wrapped?
What is a part of the chromosome of an organism that carries information in the form of DNA called?
Structure of DNA A chromosome contains many genes. A gene is a segment of DNA that provides the code to construct a protein.
Which part of the chromosome carries the traits of the organism?
Physically, a gene is a segment (or segments) of a chromosome. Functionally, a gene can play many different roles within a cell.
What is the name of the cell part that carries your genetic information?
The nucleus is a membrane-enclosed organelle found in most eukaryotic cells. The nucleus is the largest organelle in the cell and contains most of the cell’s genetic information (mitochondria also contain DNA, called mitochondrial DNA, but it makes up just a small percentage of the cell’s overall DNA content).
What is a section on a chromosome that has genetic information for one trait?
Gene. A segment of a DNA molecule (a sequence of bases) that codes for a particular protein and determines the traits (phenotype) of the individual.
What is the name of the section of a chromosome that controls a characteristic?
A gene is a small section of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a particular sequence of amino acids, to make a specific protein. It is the unit of heredity, and may be copied and passed on to the next generation.
What is the name for the short section of a chromosome that controls our characteristics?
A gene is a short length of DNA found on a chromosome that codes for a particular characteristic or protein.
Which chromosomes are called autosomes?
Autosome. An autosome is any of the numbered chromosomes, as opposed to the sex chromosomes. Humans have 22 pairs of autosomes and one pair of sex chromosomes (the X and Y). Autosomes are numbered roughly in relation to their sizes.
What makes up the DNA of a chromosome?
Each chromosome consists of one very long DNA molecule and associated proteins. Genes. parts of a chromosome that control inherited traits – section of DNA that produces proteins that causes a particular trait to occur.
Where are chromosomes located in an animal cell?
Chromosomes are thread-like structures located inside the nucleus of animal and plant cells. Chromosomes are thread-like structures located inside the nucleus of animal and plant cells.
How are chromosomes inherited in a complex organism?
In humans and most other complex organisms, one copy of each chromosome is inherited from the female parent and the other from the male parent. This explains why children inherit some of their traits from their mother and others from their father. The pattern of inheritance is different for the small circular chromosome found in mitochondria.
Which is part of the chromosome keeps DNA tightly wrapped?
The unique structure of chromosomes keeps DNA tightly wrapped around spool-like proteins, called histones. Without such packaging, DNA molecules would be too long to fit inside cells.