Table of Contents
- 1 What did Thebes achieve?
- 2 Did the Peloponnesian War benefit the city states?
- 3 Who had the advantage in the Peloponnesian War?
- 4 Why was Thebes important in ancient Greece?
- 5 How did geography impact Sparta’s military tactics during the Peloponnesian War?
- 6 Why was Sparta’s deal with Persia so important in the war against Athens?
- 7 Who are the primary combatants in the Peloponnesian War?
- 8 Who was the most powerful city in the Peloponnesian War?
What did Thebes achieve?
Victorious, Thebes created a new Arcadian capital at Megalopolis and was now firmly established as the most powerful city-state in Greece.
Did the Peloponnesian War benefit the city states?
The two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece, Athens and Sparta, went to war with each other from 431 to 405 B.C. The Peloponnesian War marked a significant power shift in ancient Greece, favoring Sparta, and also ushered in a period of regional decline that signaled the end of what is considered the Golden Age …
Who did Thebes side with in the Peloponnesian War?
Sparta and its allies accused Athens of aggression and threatened war. On the advice of Pericles, its most influential leader, Athens refused to back down. Diplomatic efforts to resolve the dispute failed. Finally, in the spring of 431, a Spartan ally, Thebes, attacked an Athenian ally, Plataea, and open war began.
Who had the advantage in the Peloponnesian War?
Athens did have several important victories in the Peloponnesian war. They were even able to suppress a rebellion on the island of Lesbos. The effects of the war were different for Athens and Sparta. Sparta was victorious, but after so many years of fighting in intense battles, they were weakened.
Why was Thebes important in ancient Greece?
It played an important role in Greek myths, as the site of the stories of Cadmus, Oedipus, Dionysus, Heracles and others. Prior to its destruction by Alexander in 335 BC, Thebes was a major force in Greek history, and was the most dominant city-state at the time of the Macedonian conquest of Greece.
Why was the battle of Thebes important?
The battle and destruction of Thebes in 335 BC by Alexander the Great, destroyed the strongest city-state in Greece at that time and allowed him to control all of Greece. Whoever controlled Thebes, could control the whole of Greece. Therefore, Alexander’s father, King Philip II, tried to weaken the influential city.
How did geography impact Sparta’s military tactics during the Peloponnesian War?
How did geography impact Sparta’s military tactics during the Peloponnesian War? – Sparta did not have to worry about an invasion because it was located on top of a mountain. Athens’s location made it difficult to attack, forcing the Spartans to destroy farmland and crops.
Why was Sparta’s deal with Persia so important in the war against Athens?
Why was Sparta’s deal with Persia so important in the war against Athens? Sparta had just acquired its new empire from the war. Sparta’s military was not as strong as Persia’s military. Sparta created a blockade around Athens, preventing food & supplies from getting to them.
What was the outcome of the First Peloponnesian War?
The First Peloponnesian War ended in an arrangement between Sparta and Athens, which was ratified by the “Thirty Years’ Peace” (winter of 446–445 BC). As the name suggests, it was meant to last thirty years, and it set up a framework for a divided Greece that was led by both Athens and Sparta.
Who are the primary combatants in the Peloponnesian War?
The primary combatants in the Peloponnesian War were the city-states of Athens and Sparta and had allies that supported them during the war. The Spartans and the Athenians had radically different societies. Athens was a democracy, and it was very individualistic.
Who was the most powerful city in the Peloponnesian War?
This war shifted power from Athens to Sparta, making Sparta the most powerful city-state in the region. The war featured two periods of combat separated by a six-year truce. Athens and Sparta had previously quarreled in the decades prior to the war.
Why was Corinth involved in the Peloponnesian War?
As a Spartan ally, Corinth resumed hostilities toward Athens when Athens threatened Corinth’s interests in the region surrounding Corcyra. This eventually drew Sparta into the conflict. The Spartan army began by raiding lands within an Athenian allied territory, particularly a region near Athens called Attica.