What challenges does South Sudan face?

What challenges does South Sudan face?

Political conflict, compounded by economic woes and drought, has caused massive displacement, raging violence and dire food shortages. Over seven million people — about two thirds of the population — are in need of aid, including around 6.9 million people experiencing hunger.

Why is it hard to get water in Sudan?

Sudan faces ecological crises like water scarcity and desertification. Rural Sudanese are displaced often by changing landscapes and a lack of agricultural production. Eighty percent of the country works in agriculture, which accounts for 97% of its water use. Most farms are rural and fed by rainwater.

Why Sudan is the poorest country?

Sudan is one of the poorest countries of the world. Most of the population lives in unbelievably hard conditions. One of the Sahel countries, Sudan is located in the Sahara desert. Hard climate conditions and lack of natural resources were always responsible for the poor life conditions.

What is the cause of Sudan conflict?

The igniting point of Sudan’s civil war was the 1955 mutiny that occurred as a result of the British colonial decision to grant Sudan’s independence to a newly created Northern elite. This exacerbated, in the South, pre existing fears of centuries of inferior ethnic and religious relations with the North.

Does Sudan lack clean water?

Prior to the conflict access to clean water in some areas of the country was already difficult. South Sudan has endured a chronic lack of services for a very long time but with violence and mass displacement, the situation has become dire. Some people are fetching water from nearby dirty water pools.

Why is there so little water in South Sudan?

South Sudan’s current population is 13 million, and more than 50% of the population lacks proper access to clean water resources. Constant conflict and a civil war, which began in 2013, led to the current water crisis in South Sudan. During the war, the nation’s water systems were deserted and demolished.

How does war affect Sudan?

The consequences of war are taking their toll on the entire region and are intensified by environmental hazards, desertification, drought, and famine. The socioeconomic and educational infrastructure has been destroyed in southern Sudan, taking the family support system with it.

What is the current situation in Sudan?

The Current Situation. Sudan faces challenges on many fronts, among them the ongoing crisis in Darfur, a fragile Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) between the North and South that ended decades of civil war, and significant local violence in the southern and central parts of the country.

What are the causes of conflict in Sudan?

Sudan’s complex armed conflict has been characterised as a civil war of ‘interlocking civil wars’. Equally, its causes are interwoven: economic, resource-based, ethnic, cultural, religious and international dimensions all play a role, some being more important in some parts of the country than others.

What went wrong in South Sudan?

At the heart of South Sudan’s descent into chaos is a failed effort at security sector reform. When Sudan’s long civil war ended in 2005, the U.S. – along with other donors – poured money and expertise in trying to transform the guerrilla Sudan People’s Liberation Army ( SPLA ) into a professional army,…

What is the Sudan crisis?

The Crisis in Sudan. Sudan is a country that continues to be plagued by chronic conflict, driven by concentration of power and resources in the center.