Table of Contents
What causes hydrothorax?
The most common cause of hydrothorax is cardiac failure, but it is also frequently the result of renal failure and cirrhosis of the liver. Hemothorax represents escape of blood into the pleural cavity and may represent a fatal complication of a ruptured aortic aneurysm or vascular trauma.
How is hydrothorax diagnosed?
Hepatic hydrothorax was diagnosed based on currently accepted clinical characteristics of the disease, including a known diagnosis of cirrhosis, the presence of portal hypertension, pleural fluid analysis, and the absence of primary cardiopulmonary disease.
Is hydrothorax a medical term?
noun Pathology. the presence of serous fluid in one or both pleural cavities.
What is the difference between a pneumothorax and hemothorax?
Pneumothorax, which is also known as a collapsed lung, happens when there is air outside the lung, in the space between the lung and the chest cavity. Hemothorax occurs when there is blood in that same space.
What causes a Hydropneumothorax?
A pneumothorax can be caused by a blunt or penetrating chest injury, certain medical procedures, or damage from underlying lung disease. Or it may occur for no obvious reason. Symptoms usually include sudden chest pain and shortness of breath. On some occasions, a collapsed lung can be a life-threatening event.
What is a hydropneumothorax?
Hydropneumothorax is the abnormal presence of air and fluid in the pleural space. The knowledge of hydropneumothorax dates back to the days of ancient Greece when the Hippocratic succussion used to be performed for the diagnosis.
What are the causes of pneumothorax?
A pneumothorax can be caused by:
- Chest injury. Any blunt or penetrating injury to your chest can cause lung collapse.
- Lung disease. Damaged lung tissue is more likely to collapse.
- Ruptured air blisters. Small air blisters (blebs) can develop on the top of the lungs.
- Mechanical ventilation.
Does malignant pleural effusion go away?
Malignant pleural effusion (MPE) is a common but serious condition that is related with poor quality of life, morbidity and mortality. Its incidence and associated healthcare costs are rising and its management remains palliative, with median survival ranging from 3 to 12 months.
What is a hepatic Hydrothorax?
Hepatic hydrothorax refers to the presence of a pleural effusion (usually >500 mL) in a patient with cirrhosis who does not have other reasons to have a pleural effusion (eg, cardiac, pulmonary, or pleural disease) [1-3]. Hepatic hydrothorax occurs in approximately 5 to 15 percent of patients with cirrhosis.
What is the difference between Hydrothorax and pleural effusion?
Unsourced or poorly sourced material may be challenged and removed. Hydrothorax is a type of pleural effusion in which transudate accumulates in the pleural cavity. This condition is most likely to develop secondary to congestive heart failure, following an increase in hydrostatic pressure within the lungs.
What is the medical definition of hydrothorax disease?
Medical Definition of hydrothorax. : an excess of serous fluid in the pleural cavity especially : an effusion resulting from failing circulation (as in heart disease or from lung infection) More from Merriam-Webster on hydrothorax.
What happens if there is no treatment for hydrothorax?
Without treatment, hydrothorax leads to the appearance of chronic respiratory failure or worsens it, if any. In some cases, with compression of the lung tissue by a large volume of pleural effusion, the development of acute respiratory failure is possible. In addition, the fluid may become infected – purulent pleurisy will develop.
When does hydrothorax occur in congestive heart failure?
Hydrothorax. Hydrothorax is a type of pleural effusion in which transudate accumulates in the pleural cavity. This condition is most likely to develop secondary to congestive heart failure, following an increase in hydrostatic pressure within the lungs. More rarely, hydrothorax can develop in patients with cirrhosis or ascites.
What are the theories for the development of hydrothorax?
Theories proposed to explain the development of hydrothorax include transdiaphragmatic leakage of fluid from lymphatic channels and azygos vein hypertension ( Roussos et al, 2007 ).