What are the three elements of responsibility?

What are the three elements of responsibility?

Responsibility presupposes freedom. So, the doctrine of karma implies that every soul embodied in a human being has the free will to make decisions and choose what actions to take.

What are the three bases of moral accountability?

The simplest formula is that a person can be held accountable if (1) the person is functionally and/or morally responsible for an action, (2) some harm occurred due to that action, and (3) the responsible person had no legitimate excuse for the action.

What are the conditions of moral responsibility?

Two conditions commonly endorsed as requirements for moral responsibility are freedom and knowledge. The person must have acted freely, and they must have known what they were doing. Corresponding to the two main requirements are excusing conditions. They absolve agents of moral responsibility for what they have done.

What are the elements of morality?

Morality is how we determine what is good. Morality is the standard by which we determine what is good. According to classical ideals, being good has five elements: pleasure, happiness, excellence, creativity and harmony. Ethics are the rules we use to guide our moral behaviors.

What are the three schools of thought in moral responsibility?

The three schools are virtue ethics, consequentialist ethics, and deontological or duty-based ethics.

What is moral duty ethics?

Duty-based ethics teaches that some acts are right or wrong because of the sorts of things they are, and people have a duty to act accordingly, regardless of the good or bad consequences that may be produced. Some kinds of action are wrong or right in themselves, regardless of the consequences.

How does Aristotle define moral responsibility?

Aristotle’s view of moral responsibility is similar to Plato’s in that it concentrates on the role of knowledge in taking the proper course of action. A voluntary action is one for which “the moving principle [of the action] is in the agent himself,” i.e. the action is self-caused.

What are the requirements before you can hold someone morally responsible?

Moral responsibility is about human action and its intentions and consequences (Fisher 1999, Eshleman 2016). Generally speaking a person or a group of people is morally responsible when their voluntary actions have morally significant outcomes that would make it appropriate to blame or praise them.

Who was the first to discuss moral responsibility?

Aristotle (384–323 BCE) seems to have been the first to construct explicitly a theory of moral responsibility. In the course of discussing human virtues and their corresponding vices, Aristotle pauses in Nicomachean Ethics III.

What is the most important element of morality?

The three major aspects of every moral action are: the moral object (what), the intention or motive (why), and the circumstances (who, where, when, and how.)

What are the secondary elements of a moral act?

Circumstances “are secondary elements of a moral act. They increase or diminish the moral goodness or evil of human acts. They also diminish or increase a person’s responsibility”. [16] Circumstances mitigates a bad act by making it more acceptable or less bad, or it aggravates an act by heightening the consequences.

What is the role of moral responsibility in life?

Moral Responsibility. Making judgments about whether a person is morally responsible for her behavior, and holding others and ourselves responsible for actions and the consequences of actions, is a fundamental and familiar part of our moral practices and our interpersonal relationships.

Can a child not be morally responsible for an outcome?

Young children, for example, can cause outcomes while failing to fulfill the requirements for general moral responsibility, in which case it will not be appropriate to judge them morally responsible for, or to hold them morally responsible for, the outcomes for which they may be causally responsible.

What are the attitudes that hold people morally responsible?

According to Strawson, the attitudes expressed in holding persons morally responsible are varieties of a wide range of attitudes deriving from our participation in personal relationships, e.g., resentment, indignation, hurt feelings, anger, gratitude, reciprocal love, and forgiveness.