Was the bubonic plague a virus or bacteria?

Was the bubonic plague a virus or bacteria?

Bubonic plague is a type of infection caused by the Yersinia pestis (Y. pestis) bacterium which is spread mostly by fleas on rodents and other animals. Humans who are bitten by the fleas then can come down with plague. It’s an example of a disease that can spread between animals and people (a zoonotic disease).

Is the bubonic plague a bloodborne pathogen?

Yersinia pestis is usually transmitted to humans by fleas that have fed on the blood of infected animals such as rats, causing bubonic plague in people. It is also transmitted by air through respiratory droplets, causing the more severe and often fatal pneumonic plague.

What kind of virus was the plague?

Key facts. Plague is caused by the bacteria Yersinia pestis, a zoonotic bacteria usually found in small mammals and their fleas. People infected with Y. pestis often develop symptoms after an incubation period of one to seven days.

What bacteria caused the Black Death?

It is caused by the bacterium, Yersinia pestis. Humans usually get plague after being bitten by a rodent flea that is carrying the plague bacterium or by handling an animal infected with plague. Plague is infamous for killing millions of people in Europe during the Middle Ages.

What is the causative agent of plague?

Plague is an infectious disease that affects animals and humans. It is caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis.

What type of pathogen is Ebola?

Ebola virus (EBOV) is a member of the Filoviridae virus family along with Marburg virus (MARV). Together they are commonly known as filoviruses. EBOV is a virulent pathogen that causes fatal hemorraghic fever in humans and nonhuman primates.

How dangerous is bubonic plague?

It can be deadly if not treated promptly with antibiotics. The most common form of plague results in swollen and tender lymph nodes — called buboes — in the groin, armpits or neck. The rarest and deadliest form of plague affects the lungs, and it can be spread from person to person.

What is the prognosis for bubonic plague?

In untreated victims, the rates rise to about 50 percent for bubonic and 100 percent for septicemic. The mortality rate for untreated pneumonic plague is 100 percent; death occurs within 24 hours.

Is bubonic plague caused by a virus?

Throughout history, millions of people have died of diseases such as bubonic plague or the Black Death , which is caused by Yersinia pestis bacteria, and smallpox, which is caused by the variola virus.

What are diseases caused the bubonic plague?

Winde. Winde is listed throughout the Bills as a constant cause of death.

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