# Is there more space between the atoms of a liquid or the atoms of a gas?

## Is there more space between the atoms of a liquid or the atoms of a gas?

The distance between the particles of a gas is much, much greater than the distances between the particles of a liquid or a solid. Most of the volume of a gas, therefore, is composed of the empty space between the particles.

In which state of matter are atoms the farthest apart?

Gas
Gas � In a gas, particles are in continual straight-line motion. The kinetic energy of the molecule is greater than the attractive force between them, thus they are much farther apart and move freely of each other.

Are liquid atoms far apart?

solids – particles are close together in a regular structure and vibrate about fixed positions. liquids – particles are close together but free to move past each other randomly. gases – particles are far apart and move randomly in all directions.

### Is there a space between atoms?

In reality, atoms do not contain any empty space. Rather, they are filled completely with spread-out electrons, making the shrinking of atoms impossible.

What determines the space between atoms?

The atomic spacing of crystalline structures is usually determined by passing an electromagnetic wave of known frequency through the material, and using the laws of diffraction to determine its atomic spacing. In this case, the average bond length is a common way of expressing the distance between its atoms.

In which state of water are the molecules farthest apart?

gas
In solid form, the molecules are closest together. In liquid, they are touching, but somewhat apart. In the form of gas, they are free; bouncing off each other. Therefore, water molecules are farthest apart in the state of gas.

#### How far apart are atoms in a gas?

1 mole of a gas has ~ 10^24 molecules and occupies about 22 liters (or 22 dm^3) at STP. So, the average spacing between molecules is roughly the cube root of 22*10^-24 dm ~ 3*10^-8 dm = 3*10^-9 m or about 30 angstroms or 3 nm. Note : This distance is a function of temperature.

What are the molecules farthest apart?

In solid form, the molecules are closest together. In liquid, they are touching, but somewhat apart. In the form of gas, they are free; bouncing off each other. Therefore, water molecules are farthest apart in the state of gas.

How are gases different from solids and liquids?

Gas The atoms and molecules in gases are much more spread out than in solids or liquids. They vibrate and move freely at high speeds. A gas will fill any container, but if the container is not sealed, the gas will escape.

## When does a substance change from a liquid to a gas?

A substance evaporates or boils when it changes from the liquid state to the gas state. Its particles move so there is a large change in volume and density. For example: Calculate the mass of oxygen that occupies 0.250 m3 in the liquid state.

Why are gas particles smaller than the spaces between them?

1) Gas particles do not attract or repel each other. 2) Gas particles are much smaller than the spaces between them. 3) Gas particles are in constant, random motion. 4) No kinetic energy is lost when gas particles collide with each other or with the walls of their container.

Why do gases fill its container completely even if it is not?

The atoms and molecules in gases are much more spread out than in solids or liquids. They vibrate and move freely at high speeds. A gas will fill any container, but if the container is not sealed, the gas will escape.