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How would you describe the citystate of Athens?
Athenians thought of themselves as the best city-state in all of ancient Greece. The ancient Greeks believed that each city-state had one or two gods keeping a special eye on that city-state. The god in charge of Athens was Athena, goddess of wisdom. The city of Athens was named after their special goddess.
How would you describe the culture of Athens?
Ancient Athenians were a thoughtful people who enjoyed the systematic study of subjects such as science, philosophy, and history, to name a few. Athenians placed a heavy emphasis on the arts, architecture, and literature. The Athenians built thousands of temples and statues that embodied their understanding of beauty.
What is the best term to describe the government of Athens?
Athenian democracy refers to the system of democratic government used in Athens, Greece from the 5th to 4th century BCE. Under this system, all male citizens – the dēmos – had equal political rights, freedom of speech, and the opportunity to participate directly in the political arena.
What were the Demes of Athens?
The demes of Attica were local corporations with police powers and their own property, cults, and officials. Members met to decide deme matters and kept property records for purposes of taxation. The bouletai (members of the Athenian Boule, or Council of 500) were selected from each deme in proportion to its size.
What were Athens cultural values?
Athens Values While Spartans valued military strength, Athenians placed a higher value on education and culture. Their main goal was building a democracy. Athenians believed that the only way to build a strong democracy was to create well informed citizens. Boys were educated.
What kind of government did the Athens have?
The first known democracy in the world was in Athens. Athenian democracy developed around the fifth century B.C.E. The Greek idea of democracy was different from present-day democracy because, in Athens, all adult citizens were required to take an active part in the government.
How many demes were there in Athens?
At this same time, demes were established in the main city of Athens itself, where they had not previously existed; in all, at the end of Cleisthenes’ reforms, Athens was divided into 139 demes. to which one should add Berenikidai, established in 224/223 BC, Apollonieis (201/200 BC) and Antinoeis (126/127).
Who organized Athens into demes?
Cleisthenes accomplished this by reorganizing the four tribal groups all Athenians belonged to. Though he didn’t abolish the old tribes, he divided them into 10 new groups, called phyle, each of which adopted a mythological hero as its patron and founder.