How has English influenced India?

How has English influenced India?

Long before the British Raj – before the East India Company acquired its first territory in the Indian subcontinent in 1615 – South Asian words from languages such as Hindi, Urdu, Malayalam and Tamil had crept onto foreign tongues. One landmark book records the etymology of colloquial Anglo-Indian words and phrases.

Why do Indian languages use so much English?

In India especially, the language came to acquire a social prestige, ‘a class apart of education’, which prompted native Indian or South Asian speakers to turn bilingual, speaking their mother tongue at home or in a local context, but English in academic or work environments.

Why do Indians want to speak English?

India’s obsession with English holds back both its economic development and the quality of its education. In a country where most people do not speak English and where few families speak English at home, it is logistically impossible for everyone to learn English or access an English education.

Is the number of English speakers growing?

Between 2011 and 2021, the number of English speakers (note that I’m talking about total speaker numbers here, not just native speakers) increased from 1,054,696,408 to 1,300,569,350. That’s a rise of 245,872,942 in a single decade – far more than any other language.

What influences the English language?

Today, English has become the leading language in business, science, literature, politics, diplomacy and many more areas and industries. It is also considered as the world’s lingua franca as over 55 countries speak it as a second language.

How did English become an official language in India?

The Indian constitution, in 1950, declared Hindi in Devanagari script to be the official language of the union. As a result, Parliament enacted the Official Languages Act, 1963, which provided for the continued use of English for official purposes along with Hindi, even after 1965.

How many English speakers are in India?


Country Eligible population Total English speakers
India 1,368,737,436 (2011) 194,086,968 (2012)
Pakistan 208,800,150 (2020) 102,312,073 (2020)
Nigeria 206,200,000 (2020) 178,198,040 (2020)

How widespread is English in India?

India now claims to be the world’s second-largest English-speaking country. The most reliable estimate is around 10% of its population or 125 million people, second only to the US and expected to quadruple in the next decade.

How many English speakers are there in India?


Country Eligible population Total English speakers
India 1,368,737,436 (2011) 14.18 (2012)
Pakistan 208,800,150 (2020) 49
Nigeria 206,200,000 (2020) 86.42

Which country has the most English speakers?

Which Countries Have the Most English Speakers?

  • United States: 268M.
  • India: 125M.
  • Pakistan: 94M.
  • The Philippines: 90M.
  • Nigeria: 79M-100M.
  • The United Kingdom: 59.6M.
  • The Netherlands: 15M English Speakers.
  • Denmark: 4.8M English Speakers.

Which is the largest language spoken in India?

To this day, English remains one of the two official languages of India alongside Hindi, and with over 129 million English speakers, the country boasts the largest population of English speakers in the world after the United States.

How big is the English speaking population in India?

It is hard to estimate the size of these English-first Indians, but I would reckon that it is about 20% to 25% of these 130 million, i.e., about 25 million to 30 million, about 2% to 2.5% of Indian population. This also ties in with the number of regular English newspaper readers in India, as per Indian Readership Survey 2017.

Which is the largest English speaking country in the world?

India is the largest English speaking nation but when it comes to as the second language.On the basis of first language USA tops the list followed by India.But these too are huge numbers and I think there are many reasons to this,like: India is a vast country divided by hundreds…

Who are the original English speakers in India?

Unlike Anglo-Indians, the original English-speaking community in India, who were Christians, Indo-Anglians comprise all religions, though Hindus dominate.