Does translation occur in the ER?

Does translation occur in the ER?

Translation occurs on ribosomes in the cytoplasm or rough endoplasmic reticulum.

Where does translation take place in a typical eukaryotic cell?

cytoplasm
In eukaryotes, transcription and translation take place in different cellular compartments: transcription takes place in the membrane-bounded nucleus, whereas translation takes place outside the nucleus in the cytoplasm. In prokaryotes, the two processes are closely coupled (Figure 28.15).

Does translation take place in the nucleus?

The eukaryotic nucleus therefore provides a distinct compartment within the cell, allowing transcription and splicing to proceed prior to the beginning of translation. Thus, in eukaryotes, while transcription occurs in the nucleus, translation occurs in the cytoplasm.

Where does translation take place which molecules are involved?

ribosome
(1) Translation begins when a ribosome (gray) docks on a start codon (red) of an mRNA molecule in the cytoplasm. (2) Next, tRNA molecules attached to amino acids (spheres) dock at the corresponding triplet codon sequence on the mRNA molecule.

Where does translation of mRNA take place in a eukaryotic cell?

In eukaryotes, translation takes place in the cytoplasm outside the nucleus at the ribosomes embedded in the endoplasmic reticulum.

What is translation and where does it occur in the cell?

In molecular biology and genetics, translation is the process in which ribosomes in the cytoplasm or ER synthesize proteins after the process of transcription of DNA to RNA in the cell’s nucleus.

Where do transcription and translation take place in the cell?

In eukaryotes, transcription and translation take place in different cellular compartments: transcription takes place in the membrane-bounded nucleus, whereas translation takes place outside the nucleus in the cytoplasm.

Where is the site of translation in cells?

Translation takes place on ribosomes -complex particles in the cell that contain RNA and protein. In prokaryotes (organisms that lack a nucleus) the ribosomes are loaded onto the mRNA while transcription is still ongoing.

Where in the cell is DNA translated?

DNA is only present in the nucleus of eukaryotes . Thus, transcription of eukaryotes occurs in the nucleus and translation occurs in the cytoplasm. The DNA of prokaryotes is contained within the cell’s cytoplasm, where transcription and translation of the DNA takes place.