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Are there sweatshops in Indonesia?
There have been well-documented charges of sweatshop conditions (forced overtime, unsafe workplaces, and inadequate pay) in many of these export-oriented factories. The government sets minimum wages in each region; in Jakarta it was set at Rp286,000 (US$33) per month in April 2000.
How long have sweatshops been around?
The phrase sweatshop was coined in 1850, meaning a factory or workshop where workers are treated unfairly, for example having low wages, working long hours, and in poor conditions. Since 1850, immigrants have been flocking to work at sweatshops in cities like London and New York for more than one century.
How much do Adidas factory workers get paid in Indonesia?
Much of Adidas’ and Nike’s sportswear is made in Indonesia, where 80 percent of workers in the garment sector are women and some make as little as 86 euros ($102) a month while others do not earn the legal minimum wage, according to the CCC’s report.
When did sweatshops end?
By the 1940s, sweatshop production faded under the influence of strong labor organizations, government regulations, changing immigration patterns, and the shift by manufacturers from small contract shops to large factories. In the 1970s, manufacturers began moving away from factory production.
Which country has the most sweat shops?
Most of the sweatshops are found in Asia, Central and South America although they are also found in Eastern Europe e.g. Romania. So basically, the citizens of the advanced industrial countries exploit the workers in developing countries in order to get low cost clothing.
Why does Nike operate in Indonesia?
In Indonesia, Nike found a country with a supply of cheap labor. Even with its minimum wage policy, that â€œminimum wageâ€ (then) was low enough to become an attractive incentive rather than a turnoff in their cost calculations. Over the years, Nike expanded its factories across the country.
What happens to the workers in the Indonesia shoe factory?
The trade union has estimated that the 1300 workers have produced more than 6 billion $ worth on shoes, throughout the average of 5 years that they have worked in this factory. Thus far Panarub Group only offered the workers one or two months severance payment, despite the fact that workers had been employed up to 7 years.
Are there still sweatshops in the fashion industry?
It’s hard to believe but many fashion brands are still using sweatshops. Child labor and modern slavery cases are still being reported, particularly in Asian developing countries such as Bangladesh, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, and The Philippines.
How many workers does Nike have in Indonesia?
Indonesia is Nike’s third-largest manufacturing base, after China and Vietnam, with 140,000 workers at 14 contract factories. Of those, 17,000 produce its Converse line at four factories.
How long do garment workers work in Indonesia?
A recent study at a Bandung textile and garment factory found that the workers worked 12-14 hours each day. By law, workers are entitled to sick, religious, holiday, menstrual and pregnancy leave. In reality, they are rarely permitted to take any leave, and those who persist in doing so are fired.